Top Vendors

Exam Simulator Price Table HP2-H31 Vendors Entry Tests
IT Service Vendors About Us Exam Simulator Price Table
HP2-H31 Vendors Entry Tests IT Service Vendors
About Us Exam Simulator Price Table HP2-H31 Exam Simulator

HP2-H31 Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam

Study Guide Prepared by Killexams.com HP Dumps Experts


Killexams.com HP2-H31 Dumps and Real Questions 2019

Latest and 100% real exam Questions - Memorize Questions and Answers - Guaranteed Success in exam



HP2-H31 exam Dumps Source : Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam

Test Code : HP2-H31
Test Name : Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam
Vendor Name : HP
Q&A : 50 Real Questions

How a great deal does it price HP2-H31 qustions bank with actual dumps
killexams.com is a dream come real! This braindumps has helped me skip the HP2-H31 exam and now Im capable of follow for higher jobs, and I am in a position to select a better enterprise. This is something I couldnt even dream of some years in the past. This exam and certification could be very targeted on HP2-H31, however I located that different employers can be interested in you, too. Just the reality which you passed HP2-H31 exam suggests them that you are an excellent candidate. killexams.com HP2-H31 guidance package has helped me get most of the questions right. All topics and regions were blanketed, so I did not have any principal issues while taking the exam. Some HP2-H31 product questions are intricate and a bit deceptive, but killexams.com has helped me get maximum of them right.


it's miles actually first rate to have HP2-H31 actual test exam financial institution.
killexams.com is the outstanding IT exam practise I ever came across: I passed this HP2-H31 exam with out issues. Not only are the questions actual, however they will be primarily based the manner HP2-H31 does it, so its very smooth to endure in brain the solution while the questions arise at some stage in the exam. Now not they all are a hundred% equal, but many are. The relaxation is in reality very similar, so if you have a test the killexams.com materials rightly, youll dont have any problem sorting it out. Its very cool and useful to IT specialists like myself.


Are there top sources for HP2-H31 study guides?
It end up very encourging experience with killexams.com team. They knowledgeable me to attempt their HP2-H31 exam questions once and forget failing the HP2-H31 exam. First I hesitated to apply the material due to the fact I frightened of failing the HP2-H31 exam. However once I instructed by the use of my friends that they used the exam simulator for thier HP2-H31 certification exam, i bought the coaching %.. It became very reasonably-priced. That changed into the number one time that I happy to apply killexams.com guidance material once I were given a hundred% marks in my HP2-H31 exam. I in truth appreciate you killexams.com team.


high-quality supply modern exquisite real test questions, accurate solutions.
I had taken the HP2-H31 arrangement from the killexams.com as that turned into a median diploma for the preparation which had in the end given the exceptional degree of the planning to set off the ninety % scores in the HP2-H31 checktests. I without a doubt extremely joyful inside the device I were given issues the matters emptied the exciting technique and thru the helpof the equal; I had at lengthy last got the detail out and about. It had made my association a ton of much less tough and with the help of the killexams.com I have been organized to expand rightly inside the existence.


How much HP2-H31 exam cost?
i was looking to get ready for my HP2-H31 check that became across the nook, i discovered myself to be lost within the books and wandering far far from the actual point. I didnt apprehend a single phrase and that turned into virtually concerningdue to the fact I had to prepare as soon as feasible. Giving up on my books I decided to register myself in thiskillexams.com and that changed into the pleasant decision. I cruised through my HP2-H31 test and became capable of get a respectable score so thanks very an awful lot.


Are there authentic resources for HP2-H31 study guides?
i am very glad right now. You must be wondering why i am so satisfied, rightly the purpose is pretty easy, I just got my HP2-H31 test consequences and i have made it via them pretty without difficulty. I write over right here because it was this killexams.com that taught me for HP2-H31 check and i cant pass on with out thanking it for being so beneficiant and helpful to me at some point of.


What do you mean with the resource today's HP2-H31 examination dumps?
i will endorse you to come back right here to take away all fears related to HP2-H31 certification because this is a greatplatform to offer you with assured goods on your preparations. i used to be concerned for HP2-H31 exam however all thanks to killexams.com who provided me with awesome merchandise for my practise. i was definitely concerned aboutmy achievement however it become most effective HP2-H31 exam engine that increased my fulfillment self belief and now im feeling pleasure on this unconditional assist. Hats off to you and your unbelievable services for all students and experts!


attempt those real take a look at questions for HP2-H31 exam.
I had appeared the HP2-H31 exam last 12 months, but failed. It appeared very hard to me due to HP2-H31 subjects. They had been truly unmanageable until i found the questions & answer test guide via killexams. This is the great manual i have ever bought for my exam arrangements. The way it handled the HP2-H31 material was superb or maybe a sluggish learner like me ought to cope with it. Surpassed with 89% marks and felt above the arena. Thanks Killexams!.


surprised to peer HP2-H31 actual examination questions!
The nice element approximately your question bank is the explanations provided with the solutions. It helps to understand the difficulty conceptually. I had subscribed for the HP2-H31 questions bank and had long beyond thru it three-four times. In the exam, I attempted all of the questions below 40 mins and scored 90 marks. Thank you for making it easy for us. Hearty way tokillexams.com team, with the help of your version questions.


How to prepare for HP2-H31 exam in shortest time?
a few rightly men cant bring an alteration to the worlds way however they can most effective inform you whether you have got been the simplest man who knew how to do that and i want to be acknowledged on this world and make my personal mark and i have been so lame my complete way but I realize now that I wanted to get a pass in my HP2-H31 and this could make me well-known perhaps and yes im quick of glory however passing my A+ tests with killexams.com changed into my morning and night glory.


HP Sales Essentials of HP

HP Elite x3 to continue to be on sale “through 2019” | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Responding to reports of the Elite x3‘s dying, HP says that the windows 10 cell smartphone will continue to be sold for as a minimum the subsequent two years.

home windows primary bought here observation:

HP is always responding to customer feedback to bring the most appropriate product experiences. We stay dedicated to our mobility method and vision and should sell the Elite x3 through 2019 while continuing to raise our portfolio delivering multi-OS gadgets, add-ons and workflow transformation options. Mobility is a thrilling and hastily evolving area, and HP will continue to discover methods to address our shoppers’ mobile computing needs.

Grapevine talk from WindowsUnited claimed that the manufacturer would can the phone on November 1, leaving the lifeless-end platform without a flagship-degree machine on sale. home windows 10 cellular has been sidetracked to a department of the latest typical windows 10 infrastructure, Redstone2. It may be left behind as additional versions of Redstone are constructed with the knowledge of kind aspect-agnostic “Andromeda OS” taking over late subsequent 12 months.

HP has surrounded the Elite x3 with numerous business-grade accessories akin to screen output docks for a computer medium and desktop displays. It also has Android pills in addition to home windows tablets for sale.

discuss This submit


HP in danger of losing Key Witness forward of $5.1 Billion Trial | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

No outcomes discovered, are trying new keyword!HP is trying to get Christopher Egan, Autonomy’s former head of U.S. revenue, to give proof within the 9-month trial. Egan, who admitted to wrongdoing in trade for a deferred prosecution settlement, ...

HP’s President’s Day Sale Is Now reside! retailer as much as $1591 With INSANE discounts! | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

be aware: All deals are valid simplest whereas inventory lasts. this is a paid-for, subsidized put up. We do not compile any fee on revenue.

HP’s President Day sale is live and presents some in fact presidential coupon codes! The sale will dwell live for the next forty eight hours so that you have a whole lot of time to buy any of these blockbuster deals that HP is offering in the holiday spirit. Some of these discounts are really dazzling and shave as a lot as 60% off the listing fee. which you can try all of the deals at the link given beneath (that you can click on the navigation bar on the suitable of the store web page to take a look at different deals as well):

that you can take a look at the total record of discounts by using clicking the link above after which navigating the usage of the panels which most fits your needs. This comprises “top deals”, “Laptops”, “pcs”, “company PCs”, “Printers”, “monitors” and “add-ons”. you could then style the offers via % cut price or $ bargain and there are some basically presidential coupon codes lurking.

Navigate to the offers web page using the hyperlink above and then click any of the sections.

I took the oppurtunity to choose one of the definitely decent coupon codes and record them right here in your comfort:

here's honestly a deal thats just too decent to be actual (however is!). that you can get a completely specced out laptop for only half the cost and best of all its all AMD! The specs of this laptop are as follows:

  • home windows 10
  • Ryzen 5 2500 Quad Core
  • AMD Radeon Vega eight snap shots
  • 16GB RAM
  • 256 GB NVME SSD
  • 15.6 1366×768 HD SVA BrightView micro-side WLED-backlit contact display (upgradeable to FHD)
  • This laptop originally retails for $1299 but that you would be able to get this for just $529 this presidents day – which is greater than half off by the way! This laptop is the perfect partner for college kids and travellers on a price range who need a fast computer that may tackle some gentle gaming as soon as in a while and run pretty lots everything with out compromise. The SSD will make certain fast boot up instances and the gigantic RAM will ensure that you should be open to a lot of tabs without any gradual downs!

    here is a beautfiul machine that may address casual gaming with the entry-degree NVIDIA MX150 GPU and the internals are nothing to sneeze at either!

  • Intel Core i7-8550U
  • windows 10 OS
  • 17.three iinch Full HD IPS WLED backlit part-to-facet glass (upgradeable to 4K)
  • 16GB DDR4 RAM
  • 512GB NVME SSD
  • NVIDIA MX 150 4GB
  • This computer constantly retails for $1699 but which you could get it now for $1049! when you consider that the internals of this machine, that is an absolute steal and can be an excellent funding. The 5GB MX150 can handle taking part in all AAA video games at medium settings at 1080p and max-out informal games. The CPU, RAM and SSD combo are fully true-notch however, and you will believe the snappyness of the 8th generation Intel processor coupled with a blazing fast NVME SSD.

    Omen computing device workstation 880 160se With Core i7 and GTX 1070 graphics – $400 off and get the tower for $1400!

    if you're someone that wants a pre-developed computing device for gaming and don’t wish to get into the trouble of constructing at this time (however DO need to leave for enhancements later down the road) then here's ultimate for you.The specs are as follows:

  • home windows 10 OS
  • Core i7 8700
  • NVIDIA GTX 1070
  • 8GB RAM
  • 1TB HDD
  • The Omen 880 160 SE usually retails for $1800 but you could get it for just $1400 this presidents day.

    Or are you looking for an entry degree gaming computer a good way to meet all the necessities in addition to casual gaming (MOBAs and many others will not be an issue with this!). This desktop can do all that and the specs are as follows:

  • home windows 10 OS
  • Core i5 8400
  • 16GB RAM
  • 1TB SSD
  • GTX 1050 Ti
  • This computing device typicall retails for $1049 but that you may get this for a $250 discount and simply $799 this presidents day with the aid of heading over to the hyperlink above.

    The HP Omen X is an exquisite screen that elements over 35 inches of curved monitor goodness coupled with NVIDIA’s hardware GSYNC. The monitor usually retails for $1250 however which you can snatch it for a fab $1150 this President’s Day. The resolution is 3440×1440 (WQHD) and has a 4ms gray to gray response time.

    This machine is an absolute beast of a powerhouse and HP is providing a flat $1591 off the retail price of $4189 so you can get it for simply $2597!! The specs are as follows:

  • windows 10 seasoned
  • ZBook Studio x360 G5 with Intel® Core™ i7-8750H processor
  • NVIDIA® Quadro® P1000 (4 GB GDDR5 dedicated)
  • 15.6″ diagonal FHD LED UWVA for HD Webcam slim Touchscreen Ambient easy Sensor (1920×1080) Upgradeable to 4K
  • 256GB M2 NVME SSD
  • 8GB RAM (Upgradeable to 64GB)
  • since the large cut price on this, this is a steal when you are on the marketplace for a mobile notebook that has been developed through a have confidence helpful ODM like HP. you can take a look at different pc presidents day sale offers over here!

    this is a laptop it's in the equal class as the one above and offers simply as tentalizing a reduction for a a little decrease latitude classification of product. The specs are as follows:

  • windows 10 professional
  • Intel Core i5-8300H
  • 17.3 inch FHD reveal
  • NVIDIA Quadro P1000 (four GB GDDR5 dedicated)
  • 8GB RAM (Upgradeable to 128GB)
  • 256GB M2 NVME SSD (RAID possible)
  • that you could try other computing device presidents day sale deals over here!

    Share publish


    While it is hard errand to pick solid certification questions/answers assets regarding review, reputation and validity since individuals get sham because of picking incorrectly benefit. Killexams.com ensure to serve its customers best to its assets as for exam dumps update and validity. The greater part of other's sham report objection customers come to us for the brain dumps and pass their exams cheerfully and effortlessly. We never bargain on our review, reputation and quality because killexams review, killexams reputation and killexams customer certainty is imperative to us. Extraordinarily we deal with killexams.com review, killexams.com reputation, killexams.com sham report grievance, killexams.com trust, killexams.com validity, killexams.com report and killexams.com scam. On the off chance that you see any false report posted by our rivals with the name killexams sham report grievance web, killexams.com sham report, killexams.com scam, killexams.com protestation or something like this, simply remember there are constantly terrible individuals harming reputation of good administrations because of their advantages. There are a great many fulfilled clients that pass their exams utilizing killexams.com brain dumps, killexams PDF questions, killexams rehearse questions, killexams exam simulator. Visit Killexams.com, our example questions and test brain dumps, our exam simulator and you will realize that killexams.com is the best brain dumps site.

    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-2]


    840-425 brain dumps | MB5-625 examcollection | HP0-286 practice test | CPD-001 brain dumps | LOT-832 test prep | 1Z0-226 Practice test | HP0-763 free pdf | VCS-257 dumps | VCS-255 practice test | 1Z0-468 study guide | C2180-277 questions answers | TB0-118 sample test | 70-528-CSharp study guide | 83-640 real questions | HP0-841 test questions | C2010-657 study guide | E20-330 cheat sheets | 1Z0-871 pdf download | JN0-1300 free pdf download | P2090-027 braindumps |


    Real HP2-H31 questions that showed up in test today
    If you are interested in successfully completing the HP HP2-H31 exam to start earning, killexams.com has leading edge developed Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam exam questions that will ensure you pass this HP2-H31 exam! killexams.com delivers you the most accurate, current and latest updated HP2-H31 exam questions and available with a 100% money back guarantee.

    HP HP2-H31 exam has given a brand new path to the IT enterprise. It is currently needed to certify as a result of the platform which ends in an exceedingly brighter future. however you wish to position intense try in HP Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam test, as a result of there will be no escape of analyzing. however killexams.com have created your preparation easier, currently your test practice for HP2-H31 Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam is not tough any longer. Click http://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/HP2-H31 killexams.com will be a reliable platform offer HP2-H31 exam questions with 100% pass guarantee. you wish to exercise questions for one day minimum to achieve well within the test. Your real journey to action in HP2-H31 exam, while not a doubt, starts with killexams.com real questions. killexams.com Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as underneath; WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for all exam on website PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders larger than $69 DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders over $99 SEPSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders

    if you are hunting down HP2-H31 Practice Test containing Real Test Questions, you're at precise locale. killexams.com have accumulated database of questions from Actual Exams keeping up as a top priority the stop objective to empower you to devise and pass your exam on the essential endeavor. All instructing materials at the site are Up To Date and verified by method for our pros.

    killexams.com give latest and updated Pass4sure Practice Test with Actual Exam Questions and Answers for new syllabus of HP HP2-H31 Exam. Practice our Real Questions and Answers to Improve your insight and pass your exam with High Marks. We guarantee your prosperity inside the Test Center, securing each one of the subjects of exam and enhance your Knowledge of the HP2-H31 exam. Pass with no uncertainty with our actual questions.

    Our HP2-H31 Exam PDF consolidates Complete Pool of Questions and Answers and Dumps verified and certified together with references and clarifications (inmaterial). Our goal to collect the Questions and Answers isn't essentially to pass the exam at first endeavor however Really Improve Your Knowledge roughly the HP2-H31 exam references.

    HP2-H31 exam Questions and Answers are Printable in High Quality Study Guide that you can download for your Computer or some unique machine and begin putting in your HP2-H31 exam. Print Complete HP2-H31 Study Guide, pass on with you while you are at Vacations or Traveling and Enjoy your Exam Prep. You can get to updated HP2-H31 Exam Q&A out of your online record at whatever point.

    killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
    WC2017: 60% Discount Coupon for all exams on website
    PROF17: 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
    DEAL17: 15% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $99
    FEBSPECIAL: 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders


    Download your Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam Study Guide specifically after purchasing and Start Preparing Your Exam Prep Right Now!

    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-4]


    Killexams 000-011 braindumps | Killexams 1Z0-541 test prep | Killexams HP2-Z15 dumps questions | Killexams 156-727.77 free pdf download | Killexams 9A0-148 real questions | Killexams HP0-914 brain dumps | Killexams HP2-E56 VCE | Killexams ST0-148 cheat sheets | Killexams 500-551 test prep | Killexams COG-702 exam prep | Killexams 70-549-CSharp test prep | Killexams 000-833 study guide | Killexams P2170-037 sample test | Killexams LOT-927 braindumps | Killexams HP0-A17 exam questions | Killexams 1D0-441 free pdf | Killexams 310-231 exam prep | Killexams HP0-J17 practice test | Killexams 000-850 questions answers | Killexams 9A0-802 study guide |


    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-5]

    View Complete list of Killexams.com Brain dumps


    Killexams HPE6-A15 practice exam | Killexams 000-894 cram | Killexams BAS-012 examcollection | Killexams 000-632 brain dumps | Killexams 000-420 practice test | Killexams 1Z0-329 questions answers | Killexams I10-001 mock exam | Killexams 000-704 braindumps | Killexams A2180-270 real questions | Killexams 1Z0-966 study guide | Killexams NCEES-PE Practice Test | Killexams MK0-201 braindumps | Killexams 1Z0-335 exam prep | Killexams H13-622 dumps | Killexams 310-600 Practice test | Killexams 70-554-CSharp test questions | Killexams 0B0-108 real questions | Killexams 132-S-916-2 free pdf download | Killexams 00M-642 practice test | Killexams 810-440 free pdf |


    Sales Essentials of HP Workstations Exam

    Pass 4 sure HP2-H31 dumps | Killexams.com HP2-H31 real questions | [HOSTED-SITE]

    NVIDIA (NVDA) Q2 2018 Results - Earnings Call Transcript | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    No result found, try new keyword!OEM revenue reached $251 million, reflecting sales of our cryptocurrency-specific GPUs ... on the demand for high-end real-time rendering and for more powerful mobile workstations. Demand was especial...

    Ecosystem Enablers For Hardware And IoT Innovators: A Look At 25+ Makerspaces And Accelerators In India | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    History is fundamentally a narrative of innovation, be it the invention of the wheel or the creation of computers. Innovation is the lifeforce of the ongoing global technological revolution. It drives economic growth and progress. In the words of Harold S. Geneen, innovation is also one of the five essential skills for entrepreneurial success. In recent times, the responsibility of promoting innovation, especially in hardware, has been shouldered to a great extent by a fast-growing network of ecosystem enablers, including makerspaces and startup accelerators all across the world for IoT and hardware innovators.

    For the uninitiated, makerspaces are collaborative communities inside schools, libraries and other public/private entities. Makerspaces serve as platforms for makers, hobbyists, technologists, and enthusiasts to come together, exchange ideas and innovate. Makerspaces and accelerators also offer mentoring services to students and professionals in a variety of practical domains, including robotics, drones, 3D printing, coding and woodworking, among others.

    Startup accelerators play the role of nurturer, offering support to early-stage, growth-driven companies. These accelerators provide ready-access to a well-connected community of experts, mentors, investors, and advisors. Startup accelerators facilitate the growth of fledgling startups through education, mentorship, and financing. Among the 60 most active startup accelerators in India are such names as 500 Startups, 50K Accelerator, Appy Hours, Jaarvis Accelerator, DesignGild, Intel India Maker Lab, and others.

    Central to the concept of makerspaces and startup accelerators  is collaboration. This brings us to the next question. What makes collaboration among innovators so important? According to Canadian author and consultant Don Tapscott, “Collaboration is important not just because it’s a better way to learn. The spirit of collaboration is penetrating every institution and all of our lives. So learning to collaborate is part of equipping yourself for effectiveness, problem solving, innovation and life-long learning in an ever-changing networked economy.”

    Although late to the scene, the Indian startup ecosystem is slowly opening up to the idea of makerspaces and startup accelerators for hardware and IoT innovators. To provide readers an overview of the fast-evolving segment, we at Inc42 have compiled a list of the top makerspaces and hardware accelerators currently existing in the country.

    The Top 21 Makerspaces In IndiaWorkbench Projects

    Location: Bengaluru

    Equipment Available: Laser cutter, CNC router, vinyl cutter, 3D printers, oscilloscopes, function/signal generators, power supplies, electronics prototyping tools, fully-equipped carpentry workshop, arc welding machine, filming and documentation (tripod, DSLR, lenses, recorder, mic, GoPros), basic metal working tools, air Compressor, 3D Scanner, Well Equipped Inventory for Project Requirements, Industrial Sewing machines, integrated PA system, HD projector, LPG gas and gas-based attachments for job work, basic biohacking lab.

    Facilities Offered: High-speed Internet, coworking zones, meeting room, social space, smoking bay, innovation management, marketing solutions, capacity building, skilling, R&D consultation, critical curation, corp outsourcing, customised programs, build operate and transfer, hardware incubation, prototyping and job work, policy and advocacy, tech and startup events, strategy consulting, trainings, mentorship.

    Community Strength: 80 members monthly (40 full monthly, 40 floating), 500 unique footfalls every month, 10,000 plus engaged per year, 15,000 subscribers in the email database.

    Timings: 9.30 am – 8 pm (open all days)

    Membership Starts At: $50/ INR 3000+ taxes per month

    A Brief Overview: Founded in 2013, Workbench Projects is a coworking, prototyping and hardware innovation hub that provides state-of-the-art facilities for makers, entrepreneurs and innovators to come together and share ideas. It works to create a nurturing DIY culture among enthusiasts. The platform aims to become an intermediary channel for corporates, governments, startups, SMEs and MSEMs to connect and collaborate.

    Project DEFY

    Location: Bengaluru

    Equipment Available: Garage tools, refurbished laptops, Arduino, classroom supplies.

    Facilities Offered: Applied learning, community training, ‘nooks’ as makeshift classrooms.

    Community Strength: Project DEFY boasts a social reach of over 2,688 people.

    Timings: Normal school hours

    Membership Starts At: Non-Profit Organisation

    A Brief Overview: Standing for “Design Education for Yourself,” Project DEFY is a non-profit organisation that works to make quality education accessible to people from lower economic groups. Disillusioned with his job as an IT engineer, Abhijit Sinha decided to do something for the greater good. As the founder of Project DEFY, Sinha believes that “learning happens naturally” and that “information is available freely.” Unlike the other makerspaces listed in this article, Project DEFY takes an innovative, new approach to promote applied learning. The organisation creates makeshift classrooms, which they call “nooks,” with just 10 refurbished laptops, an Internet connection, a simple tool-set in a 500 to 1,000 square-feet physical space. Several of these nooks are currently situated in Bengaluru, Mangaluru, and Kaggalipura.

    makerspaces-hardware-iot-acceleratorsMaker’s Asylum

    Location: Mumbai, Delhi

    Equipment Available: 3D printers, Laser Engraver, Power Tools, CNC Router

    Facilities Offered: Electronics lab, coworking spaces, hardware incubation

    Community Strength: About 70 active members. Maker’s Asylum, Mumbai currently boasts more than 14,750 followers on Facebook, while the Delhi branch has nearly 5,000 followers.

    Timings: 11 am to 9 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 2,500 for University students and INR 5,000 for adults per month.

    Brief Overview: The inception of Maker’s Asylum makes for an interesting read. One afternoon in 2013, the ceiling of EyeNetra’s office in Mumbai collapsed, prompting Vaibhav Chhabra, a carpenter, to take to social media in search of people with a knack for building furniture. Soon afterwards, eight DIY enthusiasts came forward to create the first Maker’s Asylum. Nearly four years later, the makerspace platform has evolved into a fast-growing community of hobbyists, hardware entrepreneurs, engineers and problem-solvers. It boasts of over 6,000 square feet of coworking space that provides easy access to tools, technology and talent.

    Curiosity Gym

    Location: Mumbai

    Equipment Available: 3D printers, power tools and hand tools, 3D doodlers, IoT tool kits.

    Facilities Offered: Workshops, innovation hubs, product designing, prototyping, mentoring, science camps, DIY camps.

    Community Strength: 650+ followers on Facebook.

    Timings: 10 am to 7 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 500 per month

    A Brief Overview: Curiosity Gym is a DIY-oriented makerspace platform with a focus on applied learning, tinkering, prototyping and product making. Open to technology enthusiasts of all ages, the platform offers members mentoring services to help learn design, 3D printing and DIY. It also conducts regular workshops showcasing the latest innovations in 3D printing, IoT, drones, Robotics and programming. To facilitate learning real-life applications, Curiosity Gym offers internships to local as well as international students.

    FabLab Kerala  

    Location: Kochi and Trivandrum, Kerala

    Equipment Available: 3D printers, CNC machine, PCB milling machine, vinyl cutters, laser cutter, electronic work bench, hand tools, power tools.

    Facilities Offered: 3D printing, CNC milling, vinyl plotting, molding and casting, laser cutting, sandblasting, electronic components testing

    Community Strength: 2,330+ followers on Facebook.

    Timings: 9 am to 7 pm

    Membership Fees: INR 3,000 per month

    Brief Overview: Backed by the Government of Kerala, Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM) has created two FabLabs, one at Startup Village (Kochi) and the other at Technopark (Trivandrum). FabLab serves as a technical prototyping platform geared towards promoting entrepreneurship, innovation, and invention. Focussed primarily on digital fabrication, FabLabs help create a self-sustaining global knowledge sharing network by connecting learners, educators, technologists, researchers and innovators from around the country.

    FabLab CEPT

    Location: CEPT University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

    Equipment Available: Othermill, GX-24, Legend Mini 18, Shopbot Gantry, MDX-20, MDX-15, Kinect V1, Ultimaker 2, Up Plus 2

    Facilities Offered: Laser engraving and cutting, CNC, PCB milling, 3D printing, vinyl cutting

    Community Strength: 50 to 100 (core group). FabLab CEPT has a total of more than 4,316 followers on Facebook.

    Timings: 10 am – 7 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 1,000 per month.

    Brief Overview: Jointly run by CEPT University and The Motwani Jadeja Family Foundation, FabLab CEPT is part of MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms-run Fab Foundation. The design-oriented makerspace is envisioned as a platform that provides entrepreneurs, thinkers, and problem-solvers access to requisite resources for invention in art, engineering, medicine, biology, agriculture, economics, business and social science among others. Its aim is to foster strong, mutually-dependent communities through learning, doing and sharing.

    Maker’s Loft

    Location: Kolkata, West Bengal

    Equipment Available: 3D Printer, CNC machines, MultiCNC prototyping machine, laser cutter, knitting machine, block printing, screen printing, sewing machine, machine embroidery, hardware incubation, Styro cutter, printer and scanner, hand and power tools.

    Facilities Offered: Woodworking, laser cutting, 3D printing, textiles, upcycling projects, art installation, robotics, virtual reality, digital fabrication.

    Community Strength: On Facebook, Maker’s Loft boasts more than 2,110 followers.

    Timings: 11 am – 7 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 3,000 per month

    Brief Overview: Maker’s Loft functions as a makerspace dedicated to children. Aimed at promoting hands-on learning through creative activities and fun science projects, the platform strives to pique the interest of children in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields. Maker’s Loft provides an environment that facilitates learning through self-discovery and collaboration across different age groups. It is currently supported by a fast-growing community of artists, designers, architects, engineers, hackers, students, hobbyists and professionals.

    makerspaces-hardware-iot-accelerators

    IKP-EDEN

    Location: Koramangala, Bengaluru

    Equipment Available: WIP: PCB milling, Electronics assembly, 4-Axis CNC, chemistry and biotech lab.

    Facilities Offered: Metal-working, woodworking, injection molding, 3D printing, electronics

    Community Strength: 180+ members

    Timings: 24/7 open

    Membership Starts At: INR 4,000

    Brief Overview: IKP-Eden, as its name suggests, focusses on three basic things: engineering, design and entrepreneurial network. Established in 2015, the 25,000 square-feet coworking space is modelled after US-based TechShops and FabLabs. The platform is open to makers, entrepreneurs, and hobbyists looking to start a hardware product revolution in the country. It currently conduct workshops for students (both schools and colleges) as well as professionals on a variety of topics, including IoT, Robotics, medical devices, electronic toys, industrial design and graphic design.

    Nuts and Boltz

    Location: Delhi

    Equipment Available: Soldering iron, etching station for PCB, multimeter, DC power supply (variable), Arduino and compatible shields, batteries and charging stations, 3D FDM printer, mini CNC-Shapeoko, woodworking tools, etc.

    Facilities Offered: PCB manufacturing, 3D printing, online product marketing, additive manufacturing, Robotics and automation, woodworking.

    Community Strength: The number of makers on Nuts and Boltz’s platform stands at 1,280. It also boasts a community of over 4,760 people on Facebook.

    Timings:  10 am to 7 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 1,500 per month.

    Brief Overview: Boasting a 1,800 square feet work space in Delhi, Nuts and Boltz is a makerspace platform that provides programmers, enthusiasts, scientists and engineers access to latest technologies, resources and tools to handcraft the next generation of gadgets, robots, UAVs and 3D printing creations. It serves as a channel for interaction and collaboration among members. The platform currently offers hardware incubation and rapid prototyping services aimed at facilitating the development of future technologies in different domains, including aerospace, defense, healthcare, architecture and consumer goods.  

    JMoon MakerSpace

    Location: New Delhi

    Equipment Available: Soldering stations, hand-held power tools for woodworking (drill, jigsaw, dremel, grinder), 2 FDM 3D printers, laser engravers, materials for moulding/casting, and electronic products from RoboRium.com. Basically, products and tools for making projects in Robotics, home automation, Internet of Things, wearables, 3D printing and cosplay.

    Facilities Offered: WiFi, books (technical books, management books, some competitive exam books, novels, comic books etc.), renting and buying of electronics (not tools), startup incubation for entrepreneurs working in Robotics, Internet of Things, wearables, Augmented/ Virtual Reality, machine learning, artificial intelligence, blockchain, distributed Internet, or app-based solutions.

    Community Strength: At any given time, the community’s strength is half a dozen to around 20. Also, on Facebook, the makerspace has a community of 1940, while on Meetup it is 990+.

    Timings: Changes according to seasons and school/college vacations. Currently, 10 am to 6 pm.

    Membership Starts At: INR 2,499 per month

    A Brief Overview: JMoon MakerSpace is a self-sustaining community space, open for all passionate makers to access the resources of JMoon L.A.B.S. Ideated by Jasmeet Singh in April 2013, it claims to be Delhi’s first Makerspace and started operations in September 2014. It helps innovators collaborate with members for projects and prototypes as well as provide incubation, network and training facilities.

    THE Workshop

    Location: Bengaluru

    Facilities Offered: Woodworking, metalworks, computational design, corporate training, electronics/ IoT work, and design thinking workshops.

    A Brief Overview: THE Workshop stands for Think Happy Everyday Workshop and was founded by Anabelle M Viegas and Craig M Dmello in January 2015. The makerspace aims to collaborate with academics from leading universities, cutting-edge industry experts, innovative thinkers, makers and doers, to develop and sustain a cross-disciplinary design community built from the ground up. Mentors from across the world will run a variety of workshops, research modules and host open discussions.

    Collab House

    Location: Hyderabad, Bengaluru

    Facilities Offered: Service consulting; programmes for engagement, business, product

    innovation, design and engineering.

    Community Strength: 40+ local and international communities like Global Shapers Hyderabad, Startup Grind Hyderabad, TEDx Hyderabad, and more. Plus, a 6,000 supporting community of hackers, makers, entrepreneurs and designers.

    A Brief Overview: Collab House was founded by Vineel Reddy Pindi in June 2014. The makerspace is working at the intersection of technology, innovation and community, focussing on the future of collaboration, learning and building things. It is basically a collaborative hub that supports hacker, maker, startup and creative activity.

    Reserved-bit

    Location: Pune

    Equipment Available: Basic hand tools and power tools, soldering irons, laser printer scanner copier, projector, side-glow optical fibre, 3D printer, 3D pens, conducting threads and fabric, 96Boards DragonBoard 410c, 96Boards BLE Carbon, Arduino UNO, Arduino Lilypad, Banana Pro, BPi-R1, Grove Sensor Kit for Arduino, Intel Edison, Raspberry Pi 3 Model B, CodeBug, NodeMCU ESP8266, Adafruit Gemma, Adafruit Flora, BBC micro:bit, SEELablet, iBeacon bare boards

    Facilities Offered: Wired Ethernet and WiFi Internet, Air-Conditioned open seating, Library and books, Lockers

    Community Strength: 3,000+ followers on Facebook

    Membership Starts At: INR 23,990 per month

    A Brief Overview: With a motto of “Learn, Make, and Collaborate”, Reserved-bit is envisioned as a maker space that provides members access to cutting-edge tools, toys, computers, electronics, canvas, art and craft supplies, legos. The makerspace serves as a platform for like-minded people to come together and build a social circle. The goal in the end is to encourage technology enthusiasts to collaboratively design and build anything, while also learn new skills and discover new ideas.

    Heramb MakerLab

    Location: Pune

    Equipment Available: 3D printer

    Facilities Offered: 3D printer distribution, 3D printing service, Raspberry Pi, Arduino microcontroller.

    A Brief Overview: Heramb MakerLab was founded in April 2014 with a vision to spread knowledge of the latest technology advancements to students and professionals. The company is currently dealing with 3D printer (FDM) distribution and 3D printing services. The team is also developing new products like Robotic ams, intelligent lamps, DIY circuits etc.

    Research Innovation Incubation Design Laboratory (RiiDL)

    Location: Somaiya Vidyavihar, Mumbai

    Equipment Available: Laser cutter, vinyl cutter, CNC wood router, milling machine, Avion 3D printer, Dream 3D printer, Guider 3D printer, Fromlabs2 3D printer

    Facilities Offered: Incubation Space, Conference Room, Meeting Room, Cafeteria (shared facility), Office Space, Seminar Hall (shared facility)

    Community Strength: 5,000+ innovators

    Timings: 10 am to 7 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 5,000 per annum

    A Brief Overview: Backed by Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology, RiiDL is a non-for-profit makerspace/incubator located at the Somaiya Vidyavihar campus, which comprises of 34 institutions with 39,000 students. RiiDL currently boasts a Technology Business Incubator, in addition to FabLab Supernode and Bioriidl, a DIY Biolab and Bioincubator. To boost the country’s startup ecosystem, the makerspace also offers a 2-month accelerator programme, Refine, as well as Bio Entrepreneurship Programme.

    Vigyan Ashram

    Location: Pune

    Equipment Available: LED lighting solution, Egg incubator, Precision Agri control devices, Sanitary incinerator, traditional fabrication tools

    Facilities Offered: Laser Cutting, Vinyl cutting, CNC – PCB milling, Plasma metal cutting, Electronics and micro processors, 3D printing & scanning

    Timings: 9.30 am to 5.30 pm

    A Brief Overview: Vigyan Ashram currently houses a Fab Lab and a DIY Lab. Members of Vigyan Ashram uses latest technologies and tools to solve rural problems, especially in the area of agriculture. Its DIY Lab has workplace , fabrication tools, agricultural setup, biogas, solar systems, electronics, 3D printing. The organisation conducts regular workshops as well as a Fab Camp for school students and makers based in Pune.

    Banaao

    Location: Gurugram, Haryana

    Equipment Available: DIY Kits

    Facilities Offered: Makers playground, invention space, workshops, electronic fabrication, collaboration.

    A Brief Overview: Banaao was established in October 2015 by Prem Sagar and Sumit Kathuria. It is a community-based organisation with a focus on providing a collaborative environment in order to create unimaginable things, and, in the process attain a sense of fulfilment.

    E4D Banjarapalya [Mini Fab Lab]

    Location: Bengaluru

    A Brief Overview: Started as an experiment in 2013, the Banjarapalya Makerspace aims to create scalable, alternate, but self-sustainable schools. It is a first-of-its-kind rural tech space, run completely by the local community itself, engaging people from all backgrounds and ages, in a bias-free, self-customised environment of learning. About 200 local people, aged between 7 and 55 have, at different points of time, interact with the space in learning and making. It basically makes use of the Internet to find cool ideas/projects and then building and designing their own.

    Chennai Makerspace

    Location: Chennai

    Equipment Available: Kossel 3D Printer, an array of microcontrollers ranging from BeagleBone Blacks to Intel Galeleo, tools for PCB fabrication, sensor tools, drills.

    A Brief Overview: Chennai Makerspace was founded in July 2015 to nurture an individual’s inner childlike curiosity and zeal. It also conducts hands on workshops introducing concepts linked to IoT, image processing, Robotics, PCBs and more.

    Vigyan Ashram Fab Lab

    Location: Pune

    Equipment Available: Laser, 3D printer, CNC milling, hardware incubation, plasma cutting, vinyl cutting, electronics, computer graphic, traditional fabrication & welding tools.

    Facilities Offered: Fab Academy offers 6 months training on digital fabrication, a DIY Lab, which has a workplace, fabrication tools, agricultural setup, biogas, solar systems, electronics, 3D printing, workshop for school students and Makers from Pune.

    Timings: 9.30 am – 5 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 3,000 per annum

    A Brief Overview: Dr. Neil Greshenfeld, Director, Center for Bits and atoms at MIT (US), led the foundation of Vigyan Ashram Fab Lab in 2002. The makerspace aims to provide LED lighting solution, Egg incubator, Precision Agri control devices, Sanitary incinerator and more.

    MakersBox

    Location: Karnal, Delhi, Noida

    Equipment Available: Laser etcher, 3D printing, beginners electronics and Arduino learning kit, Robotics kits, Raspberry Pi boards, Lego kits.

    Facilities Offered: Access to working space with Internet, mechanical and power tools, training on the tools, priority event invites & discounts, electronic workstations, woodworking workstation, soldering workstations.

    Timings: Tuesday to Sunday, 9 am to 6 pm

    Membership Starts At: INR 3,999 (professionals) per month. INR 1,999 (students) per month

    A Brief Overview: MakersBox Lab in Karnal was launched in April 2016 in a Public Private Partnership with the Government of Haryana. It has been positioned centrally to spur education and innovation amongst students and learners of all age groups. It is a community Makerspace, with a vision to inspire people to innovate and invent. The founders, Harpreet Kaur Sapra, Dhruv Bhutani (left in July 2016) and Harkrisha Singh (left in October 2016), initially started in October 2015 as an idea in Delhi, and were incubated at SproutBox.

    makerspaces-hardware-iot-accelerators

    Image Credit: Memento Nora

    Potential Labs

    Location: Hyderabad

    Equipment Available: All kind of equipment.

    Facilities Offered: Online ecommerce store, three offline stores to buy project components.

    A Brief Overview: It is a research lab, focussed on areas such as Android, Robotics, Arduino, embedded systems, open source dev, sustainable energy, 3D motion gestures and more. The makerspace also helps set up IoT Labs and R&D Centers in industries, MNCs, companies, engineering colleges, academic institutions and training centres. The team curates, advises and helps in selecting the right mix of IoT components based on preferences, requirements and budget.They have an online ecommerce portal to buy materials such as 3D printers, DIY Kits and other project components. Also, they have three offline retail stores available in different areas within Hyderabad.

    IoT And Hardware Startup AcceleratorsRevvx

    Launched In: 2015

    Headquartered In: Bengaluru, Shenzhen and Taipei

    Founded By: Avinash Kaushik, Satish Mugulavalli

    Focus area(s): Internet of Things, Augmented /Virtual Reality, Robotics, drones, blockchain, wearables, connected automobiles.

    Some Startup Graduates: The first startup batch consisting of five startups graduated in May 2016. The list included SeaHow, Fragging Monk, The Things Cloud and Senze. A total of 15 startups have been incubated under its first two batches. In February 2017, Revvx announced to invite startups for the third batch in association with Nasscom.

    A Brief Overview: The Revvx hardware accelerator programme helps startups with prototyping, mass manufacturing and distribution. Apart from Nasscom, Revxx has also partnered with a Chinese hardware company NexPCB and has collaborated with NASDAQ-listed Global Sources, a worldwide electronics sourcing trade show.

    Haxx Accelerator

    Launched In: 2012

    Headquartered In: Shenzen, China. It announced recently that it will invest in Indian startups as well.

    Founded By: Sean O’Sullivan, Cyril Ebersweiler

    Focus area(s): IoT, Robotics, healthcare, infrastructure.

    Some Startup Graduates: Since its launch in 2012, it has invested in over 160 startups globally. In India, the accelerator has invested in startups such as Ray IoT and Diabeto.

    A Brief Overview: Hax Accelerator organises a four-month programme for around 12 early-stage hardware startups in China’s Shenzhen district and Silicon Valley. It is a global hardware startup accelerator, backed by venture capital firm SOS Ventures, working with a $250 Mn fund. It announced to invest $100K each in 10 Indian startups working in the hardware segment in July 2016.

    AUTONEBULA

    Launched In: 2015

    Headquartered In: Pune, Bengaluru, The USA

    Founded By: Sanjay Puri

    Focus area(s): LIDAR, RADAR, cyber security, Artificial Intelligence, IoT, autonomous vehicles

    Some Startup Graduates: The current accelerator portfolio includes 18 startups such as Trackyo, Streak Helmet, Wiper, Raksha Safedrive, near Park and more.

    A Brief Overview: AUTONEBULA is catalysing the startups that produce new applications, systems and data for the advancement of transportation worldwide. Startups are screened on the basis of their business model, Minimum Viable Product (MVP) status, Target Addressable Market (TAM) and other metrics. The selected startups undergo a year-long programme covering areas such as product development, scaling a business and digital marketing. Seed funding may also be provided once selected by AUTONEBULA.

    Center of Excellence for IOT

    Launched In: 2016 (Ideated in 2015)

    Headquartered In: Bengaluru, Karnataka

    Founded By: Ministry of Electronics & IT (DeitY) and Education and Research Network (ERNET) in association with Nasscom.

    Focus area(s): Affordable healthcare, Smart Energy, IoT.

    Some Startup Graduates: The current portfolio includes around 22 startups such as SeeHow.

    A Brief Overview: The accelerator was launched in line with the vision of Digital India and Make In India. It provides lab infrastructure and active participation from industry to the startups and is supported by the Electronic Development Fund, which is the fund of funds and has a corpus of over INR 10,000 crore. The fund, which supports the COE, is managed by CanBank Venture Capital Fund Ltd (CVCFL). The COE aims to provide a unique facility, equipment and a place for the product startups to work on their ideas and take them towards completion.

    GSF Global Accelerator

    Launched In: 2012

    Headquartered In: Gurugram, Haryana

    Founded By: Rajesh Sawhney

    Focus area(s): Internet, mobile

    Some Startup Graduates: The portfolio mentions companies like Little Eye Labs (acquired by Facebook in 2014), SilverPush, Zapr, Overcart, HackerEarth and more.

    A Brief Overview: In early 2015, GSF launched an accelerator and an early-stage fund to invest in IoT and cloud startups in collaboration with Cisco Investments. The GSF Global Accelerator is a 13-week programme wherein startups are provided access to venture and business networks, personalised and intensive mentoring, and initial capital. It invests $30-$60K at 8-9% equity in selected startups and also does follow-on rounds of up to $500K into select startups after the programme.

    Target Accelerator Program

    Launched In: 2014 (Launched in India)

    Headquartered In: Bengaluru, Karnataka

    Founded By: A subsidiary of Minneapolis-based Dayton Department Stores.

    Focus area(s): Marketing, mobile, big data analytics, merchandising and supply chain technologies.

    Some Startup Graduates: The portfolio includes startups such as Lechal, Preksh, MintM, Uncanny Vision and more.

    A Brief Overview: With its four-month extensive programme, the Target accelerator aims to help early-stage startups to develop concepts that could improve Target’s business and the broader retail industry. The final selection will be based on the team and its talent and, most importantly, the relevance of the idea to Target. It provides Seed funding up to $30K. Apart from this, it also has a focus on hardware and has subsequently funded and mentored startups in this domain. The American retail chain has been selecting startups relevant to its business for its accelerator program in India and its fourth batch of startups was majorly focussed on AI, AR and IoT.

    Qualcomm® Design in India Challenge

    Launched In: December 2015

    Headquartered In: Bengaluru (Globally, it has 188 offices)

    Founded By: Qualcomm®’s QDIC in collaboration with the NASSCOM

    Focus area(s): Product design, development, and manufacturing of hardware and IoT startups in healthcare, education, banking, automotive as well as smart cities.

    Some Startup Graduates: Some of the startup finalists of the challenge in different years included iSquare Mobility Pvt. Ltd, Avanijal Agri Automation Pvt. Ltd, Alexapath Private Limited, iBot Control Systems India Pvt. Ltd., and more.

    A Brief Overview: In the first round, 10 companies are selected and given $10K, as well as incubation and access to Qualcomm’s innovation labs. Post this, in the final round, the top three startups get a total prize money of $100K.

    Conclusion

    With the advent of revolutionary new technologies like 3D printing, Robotics and nanotechnology, the world’s hardware sector has seen substantial growth. While the IT and software market was imperative to the growth and development of the Indian economy in the 1980s, hardware innovation could be what drives India to global dominance.

    When asked about the potential of the industry, Soaib Grewal, former Venture Partner at 500 Startups, told Inc42, “I truly believe that Indian startups can lead in hardware enabled-solutions (people call this IoT but I hate that term).  In my opinion hardware ecosystems of the future will require three things to succeed: excellent software engineering, a knowledge of enterprise sales and customer support and hardware design and manufacturing expertise and infrastructure. I think we are pretty good at the first two and if we can figure out the third component, we’re golden.”

    Despite limitations in terms of inadequate manufacturing infrastructure and lack of proper funding, the country’s electronics and hardware sector is expected to reach $112-$130 Bn by 2018. To bolster the growth of this industry, the government has taken several initiatives in the last few years. For instance, last month, NITI Aayog announced plans to build 500 Atal Tinkering Labs under the Atal Innovation Mission. Earlier in June, it was reported that the state-run think tank was looking to install up to 1,000 tinkering labs in schools around the country, in an attempt to get children hooked on STEM-related subjects.

    While the potential of makerspaces and accelerators as drivers of hardware and IoT innovation has already been realised in the western world, these concepts have only recently made their way into emerging digital nations like India. With rising technology adoption and the government support, future generations will definitely be tinkering with innovation and creativity. For the hardware industry to thrive and scale, a robust network of ecosystem enablers, including makerspaces and startup accelerators, will likely be indispensable for this to occur. After all, it is called ‘Make In India’ for a reason, to make and create in India, for the world.

    InnoNation (earlier Innofest), which is an iSPIRT initiative, has announced the third edition of its annual showcase to be held in Bengaluru. The two-day event is focussed towards bringing the best experts, innovators, and makers under one roof to inspire the next generation of innovators building IoT, Robotics and other related hardware startups. Interested IoT and hardware innovators interested in participating for InnoNation by iSPIRT can apply here! And for attending the event, click here.

    [Written by Meha Agarwal and Sukanya Mukherjee with the help of Abhijeet Khandagale.]

    PS: Do not worry if we haven’t included your accelerators or makerspaces in the list. Just send in your details in the comments below and the list will keep growing. Stay tuned for more in the series!


    Go Downstream: The New Profit Imperative in Manufacturing | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The 1990s have been a great time to be in business—unless, that is, you happen to be a manufacturer. Despite the long economic expansion—and despite their own rigorous focus on improving productivity and quality—most large manufacturers have struggled during the past decade. Titans with household names like Whirlpool, Texas Instruments, Polaroid, and Bausch & Lomb have achieved little, if any, profit growth. And they have plenty of company. Stock valuations throughout the manufacturing sector have been dormant, while the markets in general have soared. Only one in eight of the 1,000 largest manufacturers has outperformed the S&P 500 since 1988, and fully one-third have seen the value of their stocks decline.

    But if most manufacturers have floundered, a few have prospered, posting healthy growth in revenues, profits, and shareholder value. The thriving companies are a diverse lot, ranging from Honeywell and General Electric to Nokia and Coca-Cola, but they’ve all taken a similar route to success: they’ve gone downstream, toward the customer. While they’ve built on their core manufacturing capabilities, they’ve moved beyond the factory gate to tap into the valuable economic activity that occurs throughout the entire product life cycle.

    Smart manufacturers are moving downstream for a very simple reason: that’s where the money is. Manufacturers’ traditional value-chain role—producing and selling goods—has become less and less attractive as demand for products has stagnated throughout the economy. U.S. economic growth has slowed dramatically over the past 30 years, from an average annual rate of 4.1% in the 1960s to 2.6% in the first nine years of the 1990s. The drop has been even steeper in many manufacturing sectors. The annual growth in sales of industrial machinery, for example, declined from 5.2% to 2.0% over this period.

    At the same time, the installed base of products has been expanding steadily in many industries, thanks to the accumulation of past purchases and to longer product life spans. In many industries, the number of units in the installed base is an order of magnitude greater than the number sold annually. The number of U.S. automobiles in service, for example, has grown from 60 million in 1950 to 200 million today, while recent sales have been essentially flat at 15 million vehicles a year. That has created an installed-base-to-new-unit ratio of 13 to 1. This pattern is repeated across many other sectors, including locomotives (a ratio of 22 to 1), civil aircraft (150 to 1), and tractors (30 to 1).

    The combination of stagnant product demand and an expanding installed base has pushed economic value downstream, away from manufacturing and toward providing services required to operate and maintain products. We’re all familiar with the big picture: since 1960, services’ share of the U.S. gross domestic product has grown by 16 percentage points, to 40%, while manufacturing’s share has declined by ten percentage points, to just 17%. Less publicized are the similar shifts that are transforming individual product markets. In many manufacturing sectors, revenues from downstream activities now represent ten to 30 times the annual dollar volume of the underlying product sales.

    Weak product demand and the growing installed base have pushed value downstream from manufacturing.

    In corporate computing, for example, the average company spends only about one-fifth of its annual personal-computer budget on purchasing the boxes themselves; the rest goes to technical support, administration, and other maintenance activities. In the rail industry, the major railroads now spend $28 billion a year maintaining and operating their locomotives and related infrastructure, but they purchase less than $1.4 billion worth of new locomotives. The average household spends more than $6,000 per year on auto-related expenses, but only about 20% goes to the purchase of a new car; the rest covers ancillary expenses such as gas, insurance, repairs, and financing. (See the exhibit “Where the Money Is.”)

    Where the Money Is Source: GartnerGroup, Association of American Railroads, Federal Highway Administration Office of Highway Information Management. Railroad expenditures are for Class 1 railroads.

    Downstream markets offer important benefits besides large new sources of revenue. They tend to have higher margins and to require fewer assets than product manufacturing. And because they tend to provide steady service-revenue streams, they’re often countercyclical. Clearly, in manufacturing today, the real money lies downstream, not in the production function.

    Rethinking Manufacturing Strategy

    Because manufacturers have an intimate knowledge of their products and markets, they are well positioned to carry out many downstream activities, from providing financing and maintenance to supplying spare parts and consumables. Exploiting the downstream opportunities, though, requires a new way of thinking about strategy.

    Ever since the birth of the modern industrial corporation in the 1920s, manufacturing strategy has been built on three foundations: the vertical integration of supply and production activities to control the cost and maintain the predictability of raw materials and other inputs; disciplined research to create superior products; and a dominant market position to provide economies of scale. With these in place, manufacturers could be assured of a durable cost advantage, steady revenue growth, and substantial scale barriers to competition. The usual reward was double-digit margins and returns on capital.

    But those foundations aren’t much help to organizations seeking downstream, service-based advantages. To capture value downstream, manufacturers need to expand their definition of the value chain, shift their focus from operational excellence to customer allegiance, and rethink the meaning of vertical integration.

    Redefining the Value Chain.

    Manufacturers tend to view downstream services as a necessary evil—something to give customers in order to clinch a sale. Automakers, for example, offer free maintenance and subsidized leases to sell cars. But to pursue downstream opportunities, manufacturers need to shift their perspective a full 180 degrees, viewing the product sale as a way to open the door for the provision of future services.

    The manufacturer has to look at the value chain through the customer’s eyes, examining all the activities the customer performs in using and maintaining a product throughout its life cycle, from sale to disposal. While some manufacturers already provide financing and replacement parts, the downstream opportunities are usually much broader. Consider the aircraft market. The traditional manufacturer’s view of the value chain is relatively compact: assembling the plane, selling and delivering it, supplying spare parts and upgrades. From the customer’s perspective, however, the downstream chain is much more complex. It includes financing and leasing, maintenance, scheduling and capacity planning, catering and servicing, parts-depot operations, and refurbishment and resale, not to mention flying the plane.

    Boeing has broadened its view of the value chain and now offers financing, local parts supply, ground maintenance, logistics management, and pilot training. Even as it struggles with slack demand and production glitches in its commercial-aircraft business, it is building a thriving services business that exploits its dominant share of the airplane installed base.

    Redefining the value chain also means redefining the way profit is measured. Product margin can no longer be the primary yardstick. After all, a product’s profitability does not determine the profitability of the services associated with maintaining and operating it. Hewlett-Packard’s printer business, for example, faces intense price competition and as a result has slender margins. From a traditional product perspective, it is not very lucrative. Yet each printer that HP sells provides the company with the opportunity to supply a stream of ink cartridges at very healthy margins. HP could probably give its printers away to build its installed base and still come out ahead in profitability.

    Giving printers away may sound far-fetched, but it’s the logical extension of a business model based on an installed-base annuity stream. It’s how the cellular-phone and cable-television markets are already structured in the United States, and it’s how the home personal-computer market may soon operate. With PC prices falling and Internet use booming, manufacturers are realizing that they can make more from Internet-access fees than from computer sales alone. Gateway 2000 and other major vendors have begun offering consumers a personal computer, financing, technical support, and Internet access for a single monthly fee, turning a low-margin product sale into a lucrative annuity stream. Other companies are experimenting with giving away computers in return for long-term Internet-service contracts.

    Building Customer Allegiance.

    In the old world of manufacturing, superior products and superior scale provided barriers to competition. Today they rarely do. In many industries, including chemicals, vehicles, computer workstations, and commercial aircraft, the technical and performance differences among the products of major manufacturers are often small and easily bridged. It’s hard, if not impossible, to maintain a price-performance lead. Scale, meanwhile, has become easy to replicate or circumvent. The explosion of venture funding now provides start-ups with access to large amounts of capital. And the emergence of outsourcing and virtual businesses means that capital-intensive assets can be acquired through alliances or contracts. Rather than functioning as sources of competitive advantage, large asset bases increasingly tie a manufacturer to obsolete strategies, allowing innovative competitors to swarm in.

    In the new world of manufacturing, the sturdiest barrier to competition is customer allegiance. The goal is not necessarily to gain the largest share of customers but to gain the strongest relationships with the most profitable customers. By earning their loyalty, a manufacturer can become their preferred supplier of services throughout the product life span.

    Delivering a great product is not enough to gain a customer’s allegiance. You have to deliver a combination of services that minimizes the overall costs associated with owning and using the product. Xerox has come to understand this. The company is succeeding in selling large copier systems by emphasizing how the copier and associated Xerox services will reduce expenses for labor, archiving, and retrieval, thereby lowering customers’ document-management costs. In the process, Xerox is building stronger, more proprietary relationships with its customers.

    Rethinking Vertical Integration.

    As value has shifted toward the customer, distribution—once the backwater of strategy—has become the mainstream. It is where much of the profit in many industries can now be found. But distribution lies outside manufacturers’ traditional concept of vertical integration as a move upstream into the sources of supply.

    Moving downstream into distribution channels therefore brings a whole new set of challenges. In many industries, the battle for control over distribution is intense. Powerful channel consolidators with national scale, sophisticated operating systems, and a strong desire to control the customer are replacing local mom-and-pop operators. The most visible manifestation of this trend has been the ascendance of retail superstore chains like Home Depot, Circuit City, and Wal-Mart. Their vast scale and purchasing leverage have allowed them to offer broader product selections, lower prices, and better customer service than traditional stores while generating higher margins.

    Although generally good for consumers, these large chains have siphoned profits from manufacturers. They’ve drawn consumer loyalty away from the manufacturer and toward the store and its house brands, they’ve levied premiums for shelf space, they’ve exerted pressure to reduce prices, and they’ve replaced manufacturers’ financing and service businesses with their own.

    Look at what’s happened to Whirlpool. Once a dominant player in the appliance value chain, the company today sells one-quarter of its U.S. appliance volume through Sears, most often under Sears’s Kenmore brand. Sears has placed intense pressure on Whirlpool to reduce costs and prices and has threatened to switch its purchases to other manufacturers. While Whirlpool once earned considerable profits by offering consumer credit and maintenance contracts for its appliances, these profit-rich activities are now provided by Sears and other retail chains. In fact, they account for a large share of the chains’ operating income.

    This power shift is not confined to retailing. The consolidation of wholesalers and the development of “super channels” are under way in pharmaceuticals, office supplies, food, and auto parts. In the computer business, a few large resellers, including Ingram Micro and Tech Data, now control the distribution of 90% of the personal computers sold by IBM, Hewlett-Packard, and Compaq. With that channel control comes enormous power over the customer and the entire value chain. These resellers are now competing head-on with the manufacturers by offering their own cheap clones and establishing their own PC brand names. If the manufacturers attempt to bypass them and sell directly to consumers, the resellers can respond by cutting off the manufacturers’ access to a large proportion of buyers.

    New channels, from value-added reselling to telemarketing, have also emerged to threaten manufacturers. The biggest is the Internet, where dozens of new companies like Amazon.com, Autobytel.com, and eBay are becoming electronic intermediaries with powerful advantages: low start-up costs, an ability to provide ample information tailored to individual customers, and the means to allow buyers to customize the shopping experience. By altering the economics of distribution, making comparison shopping easier, and shifting customer allegiance to the intermediary, the Internet puts new pressure on manufacturers and their traditional channels.

    Because manufacturers know their products and markets intimately, they are well positioned to exploit many downstream opportunities.

    The upshot is clear: successful manufacturers will increasingly be characterized by a hands-on involvement with distribution, a focus on identifying and exploiting new channels, and a willingness to risk channel conflict in the pursuit of competitive advantage. Ford, for example, has recently shaken up the traditional automobile-distribution model by acquiring control of its dealerships in several regional markets. It has also revamped and rebranded retail operations, acquired a leading European auto-parts and service chain, and experimented with superstores and other formats. Ford aims to improve the profitability of dealerships and build stronger ties with car buyers across the vehicle life span. Manufacturers that ignore the opportunities for forward integration will see their profits continue to wither, as more and more value flows downstream into distribution channels.

    Four Downstream Business Models

    So what’s the best way to go downstream? We’ve found that successful downstream business models tend to take one of four basic forms. (See the exhibit “The Spectrum of Downstream Moves.”)

    The Spectrum of Downstream Moves

    Embedded Services.

    New digital technologies often allow traditional downstream services to be, in effect, built into a product. By freeing the customer of the need to perform those services, the newly configured “smart” product can save considerable labor costs, which the customer is usually willing to share with the manufacturer.

    Honeywell had traditionally sold discrete navigation, air-data, and collision-avoidance systems for commercial aircraft. As this market became increasingly competitive, the company looked downstream for new opportunities to increase its revenues and profits. Recognizing that the purchase cost of an airplane represents just a fraction of the overall expense associated with operating it, Honeywell developed a new product, the Airplane Information Management System (AIMS), which ties airplane systems together with microprocessors and software. AIMS performs a variety of tasks that used to be done manually, enabling airlines to reduce labor costs, speed aircraft turnaround time, and improve overall efficiency. By automating the in-flight monitoring of engine and systems performance, for example, AIMS reduces the need for expensive flight engineers. By performing sophisticated diagnostic tests throughout the airplane, the system decreases the number of false alarms and speeds up troubleshooting, minimizing airplane downtime and maintenance costs.

    The successful manufacturer will have a hands-on involvement with distribution and a willingness to risk channel conflict in the pursuit of advantage.

    Because of the value AIMS adds to airline operations, Honeywell has been able to charge a premium for it, and the company has become a preferred supplier for many related components. In addition, because Honeywell was the first to offer an integrated system, the company established the de facto standard for flight-management architecture. That has given Honeywell all the benefits of the network effect. While AIMS was originally deployed in Boeing aircraft, other airplane manufacturers, such as Airbus and Lockheed, are now adopting the system. By controlling the standard for flight management, Honeywell has gained an important link with airlines and has wrested valuable customer allegiance from Boeing and the other plane builders.

    Comprehensive Services.

    There are many downstream services, of course, that can’t be built into products. But that doesn’t mean they’re out of the reach of product manufacturers. Several companies have used their positions as product suppliers to launch suites of services for customers.

    GE’s resurgence under Jack Welch is often explained as the result of the company’s manufacturing skills. Just as important, however, is the comprehensive-services business model pursued by the conglomerate’s financing arm, GE Capital, often in tandem with GE’s product businesses. In the locomotive market, for instance, GE Locomotive and GE Capital handle many aspects of locomotive ownership and operation besides the provision of parts and financing. They finance a range of other rail assets, including boxcars, intermodal containers, and maintenance vehicles. They manage a variety of outsourced operations, such as running locomotive-maintenance facilities, providing boxcar-scheduling and routing services, and managing maintenance-vehicle fleets. They also refurbish and resell boxcars and locomotives. GE Locomotive has even teamed with Harris Corporation to improve railroads’ track utilization by pinpointing trains with advanced tracking systems.

    Through its relentless focus on the customer’s activities, GE has captured a rich source of sales and profits. At the same time, it has gained insight into the customer’s needs, which enables it to further refine products and services. And by ensconcing itself in many aspects of the customer’s business, it creates strong bonds that promote future product sales. Over the past 15 years, GE Capital has grown from a small financing operation supporting the product businesses to become the profit engine at the heart of the company, generating 41% of earnings.

    Integrated Solutions.

    A third effective business model is to combine products and services into a seamless offering that addresses a pressing customer need. The Finnish company Nokia has used this model to great effect. For many years, Nokia was a second-tier player in cellular equipment, a market that suffers, like many technology-driven markets, from short product cycles, weak product differentiation, and rapid price erosion. Recently, though, Nokia has emerged as the leading player, displacing the once-dominant Motorola, and has been able to generate healthy profits.

    Nokia has succeeded by looking beyond its traditional products and addressing all the equipment and service needs of the cellular carriers that are its customers. It saw, back in the mid-1990s, that carriers were facing three new challenges. First, cellular’s analog technology was being replaced by digital technology, which the carriers had little expertise in. Second, the carriers were struggling to expand their networks quickly enough to meet the rapid growth in demand. Third, the numerous smaller carriers born in the wake of the U.S. government’s 1995 spectrum auctions needed much more support than the phone companies that had long dominated the cellular business.

    Nokia responded by creating a comprehensive array of products, including handsets, transmission equipment, and switches, that could be easily deployed by carriers. Along with the products, it provided a range of services. It helped the carriers plan and manage their networks, meet zoning requirements for the construction of new transmission towers, and provide maintenance and technical support to customers. By purchasing this single set of products and services, the carriers could save considerable time and expense.

    Nokia’s integrated-solution business model has enabled it to create tremendous customer allegiance, capture a large share of customers’ high-margin network-infrastructure spending, and earn recurring service and upgrade revenues. While mobile-phone handsets represent Nokia’s largest share of sales, its highest margins and profits come from the associated network-development services. The company now has a net margin roughly four times that of Motorola (12% versus 3% for the years 1996–1998), and its market value has grown from $1 billion in 1990 to $65 billion today, far surpassing the performance of other cellular-equipment providers.

    Distribution Control.

    Whereas the first three business models focus on providing new services or products to customers, the fourth is very different. It entails entering the customers’ business—moving forward in the value chain to gain control over lucrative distribution activities.

    That’s the course Coca-Cola has taken. Although Coke has been a brand icon for much of this century, the company’s sharpest increase in shareholder value occurred during the past decade, after it moved downstream to consolidate its independent bottlers into the largest, most tightly integrated distribution network in the beverage industry. Today, Coke controls 70% of its U.S. bottling and distribution, and it is aggressively expanding its control overseas.

    Coke set up its independent-bottler network shortly after the turn of the century, determining the borders of each territory by the distance a horse-drawn wagon could travel in a day. For decades, the network provided Coke with an efficient way to expand its presence. But by the 1970s, technological changes were rendering the network obsolete. New plastic and aluminum packaging offered the promise of much more efficient manufacturing and distribution, but individual bottlers lacked the production volume and capital required to switch over their production lines. Aggressive regional bottlers had begun acquiring and consolidating their neighbors, threatening to upset the influence that Coke enjoyed over its distribution channel. When in 1986 two of the largest Coke bottlers announced their intention to merge, creating a company that would control one-third of Coke’s U.S. distribution, Coke sprang into action.

    It bought controlling positions in the majority of its independent bottlers and amalgamated many of them into a separate, Coke-controlled entity called Coca-Cola Enterprises. It then moved quickly to rationalize bottling plants and distribution networks and invest in plant upgrades. Channel control enabled Coke to grab shelf space and halt price erosion in the high-volume, low-profit supermarket segment through regional coordination of deliveries and services, consistent pricing, and nationwide account management.

    At the same time, Coke was able to extend its dominance of the profitable but fragmented vending-machine market, where prices are often two to four times higher than in supermarkets. Through Coca-Cola Enterprises, Coke provided the capital required to buy and stock vending machines and convenience-store coolers and to build a highly efficient, coordinated distribution system to attack this market. Because Coca-Cola Enterprises could now operate much more efficiently, Coke was able to raise its syrup prices, gaining higher profits on its core product.

    Coke’s channel initiative helped the company increase shareholder value during a time of slowing growth in soft-drink consumption. While Coke faces many challenges, its success in gaining control over distribution remains a bright spot for the company.

    Should You Go Downstream?

    A downstream move makes sense in many cases today, but not in every case. To assess the attractiveness of such a move, you first need to assess the attractiveness of the downstream market itself. (See the exhibit “How to Scope Out a Downstream Opportunity.”) In particular, you should look at such indicators as the ratio of installed units to annual new-unit sales, the customer’s usage costs over the product life cycle relative to the product’s price, and the profitability of downstream activities relative to product margins. Taken together, these measures will provide a sense of the size of the downstream profit opportunity. As we’ve seen, the numbers in many sectors, from locomotives to PCs, are enticing. But if you look at, say, the video-cassette recorder business, you get a very different picture. The VCR market has a low installed-base-to-new-unit ratio, and the costs associated with VCR ownership and usage are paltry; a VCR manufacturer probably wouldn’t want to make a big investment in supplying services to customers.

    You also need to examine your own competitive position. If your ability to differentiate your products is declining, or if your customers are gaining power through consolidation, a downstream move may be a necessity, providing the only way to escape a profit squeeze in your core manufacturing business.

    If the market seems attractive, the question then becomes: how much real influence can you exert over customers and their transactions? The answer hinges largely on the structure of the distribution channels in your industry. Companies such as Dell that already sell directly to end users are obviously in the best position to branch into downstream services. They have relationships with their customers and they don’t have to worry about conflicts with other channels. Companies that sell exclusively through a captive set of distributors—distributors that sell only one product line—will, on the other hand, likely face conflicts if they move downstream. An approach worth considering in these cases is to “buy the channel,” as Coke and Ford did when they acquired controlling stakes in their distribution channels.

    Companies that sell their products through a fragmented network of third-party distributors, such as IBM’s value-added resellers and John Deere’s dealers, also face difficult challenges, as do companies that use many different channels. But such companies can often work in partnership with their distributors to capitalize on downstream opportunities. If, finally, the industry’s channel is controlled by big, consolidated distributors—the Wal-Marts of the world—a downstream move will be tough to pull off. Because any one manufacturer’s products represent a small fraction of the distributor’s mix of goods, the manufacturer has little influence over the customer’s buying decisions. The only option may be to bypass the distributor via the Internet or some other new channel.

    Even if the prospects are bright, actually making a move downstream will not be easy. In addition to shifting your strategic perspective, you may well have to acquire new skills and new people. Coke had to learn how to run a distribution business. Honeywell and Nokia had to get new skills in software development and customer analysis. GE had to learn how to manage relationships with customers’ most senior executives. You’ll also have to devise new ways to measure your performance. The old metrics—market share, cycle time, and quality levels—tend to focus solely on the product. Managing downstream businesses requires looking at new variables such as profit per installed unit, share of customer’s total downstream-activity spending, and total customer return over the product life cycle.

    However difficult the transition, manufacturers can’t afford to ignore the opportunities that lie downstream. If they do, the next decade will be even bleaker than the last.

    A version of this article appeared in the September–October 1999 issue of Harvard Business Review.


    Direct Download of over 5500 Certification Exams

    3COM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AccessData [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Admission-Tests [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ADOBE [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Avaya [96 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CheckPoint [41 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
    College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
    FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
    P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





    References :


    Vimeo : https://vimeo.com/240169638
    Issu : https://issuu.com/trutrainers/docs/hp2-h31
    Dropmark : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/11402628
    Wordpress : http://wp.me/p7SJ6L-eg
    weSRCH : https://www.wesrch.com/business/prpdfBU1HWO000VDDG
    Scribd : https://www.scribd.com/document/356689561/Pass4sure-HP2-H31-Sales-Essentials-of-HP-Workstations-Exam-exam-braindumps-with-real-questions-and-practice-software
    Dropmark-Text : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/12023840
    Youtube : https://youtu.be/vunDtFkMV_8
    Blogspot : http://killexams-braindumps.blogspot.com/2017/10/dont-miss-these-hp-hp2-h31-dumps_22.html
    RSS Feed : http://feeds.feedburner.com/RealHp2-h31QuestionsThatAppearedInTestToday
    publitas.com : https://view.publitas.com/trutrainers-inc/review-hp2-h31-real-question-and-answers-before-you-take-test
    Google+ : https://plus.google.com/112153555852933435691/posts/JoL3yptcbJr?hl=en
    Calameo : http://en.calameo.com/account/book#
    Box.net : https://app.box.com/s/nzspfi0hmyju3e1sizoyhqyc4fovy4mp
    zoho.com : https://docs.zoho.com/file/5bym2b97c5ebb809e48098864d808aa984731






    Back to Main Page

    Close 100% Pass Guarantee or Your Money Back

    How to Claim the Refund / Exchange?

    In case of failure your money is fully secure by BrainDumps Guarantee Policy. Before claiming the guarantee all downloaded products must be deleted and all copies of BrainDumps Products must be destroyed.


    Under What Conditions I can Claim the Guarantee?

    Full Refund is valid for any BrainDumps Testing Engine Purchase where user fails the corresponding exam within 30 days from the date of purchase of Exam. Product Exchange is valid for customers who claim guarantee within 90 days from date of purchase. Customer can contact BrainDumps to claim this guarantee and get full refund at Software Testing. Exam failures that occur before the purchasing date are not qualified for claiming guarantee. The refund request should be submitted within 7 days after exam failure.


    The money-back-guarantee is not applicable on following cases:

    1. Failure within 7 days after the purchase date. BrainDumps highly recommends the candidates a study time of 7 days to prepare for the exam with BrainDumps study material, any failures cases within 7 days of purchase are rejected because in-sufficient study of BrainDumps materials.
    2. Wrong purchase. BrainDumps will not entertain any claims once the incorrect product is Downloaded and Installed.
    3. Free exam. (No matter failed or wrong choice)
    4. Expired order(s). (Out of 90 days from the purchase date)
    5. Retired exam. (For customers who use our current product to attend the exam which is already retired).
    6. Audio Exams, Hard Copies and Labs Preparations are not covered by Guarantee and no claim can be made against them.
    7. Products that are given for free.
    8. Different names. (Candidate's name is different from payer's name).
    9. The refund option is not valid for Bundles and guarantee can thus not be claimed on Bundle purchases.
    10. Guarantee Policy is not applicable to Admission Tests / Courses, CISSP, EMC, HP, Microsoft, PMI, SAP and SSCP exams as killexams.com provides only the practice questions for these.
    11. Outdated Exam Products.
    CloseSearch
    Spring Campaign! Get 25% Discount on All Exams!

    This is a ONE TIME OFFER. You will never see this Again

    Instant Discount
    Braindumps Testing Engine

    25% OFF

    Enter Your Email Address to Receive Your 25% OFF Discount Code Plus... Our Exclusive Weekly Deals

    A confirmation link will be sent to this email address to verify your login.


    * We value your privacy. We will not rent or sell your email address.
    CloseSearch
    Your 25% Discount on Your Purchase

    Save 25%. Today on all IT exams. Instant Download

    Braindumps Testing Engine

    Use the following Discount Code during the checkout and get 25% discount on all your purchases:

    BRAINDUMPS25

    Start ShoppingSearch