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050-895 Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation : eDirectory 8.8

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050-895 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation : eDirectory 8.8

Test Code : 050-895
Test Name : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation : eDirectory 8.8
Vendor Name : Novell
Q&A : 70 Real Questions

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Novell Novell eDirectory Design and

CNA examine ebook: Novell eDirectory | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

David Clarke covers eDirectory checking out goals for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.

This chapter is from the book 

This chapter covers right here testing aims for Novell direction 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • identify basic listing service tasks.

  • determine standard directory service makes use of.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • identify the function and benefits of eDirectory.

  • establish how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • determine and describe the composition of eDirectory.

  • establish and describe eDirectory object classes.

  • determine the stream and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the top-quality edition up to now of Novell's world-class listing service.

    eDirectory is the area's main listing service. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, having access to, and setting up all most important accessories of your network. eDirectory scales to the greatest community environments, together with the web. since it is in response to the X.500 ordinary, eDirectory helps lightweight listing access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming atmosphere.

    eDirectory can save and manipulate hundreds of thousands of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It additionally gives the groundwork community provider for all NetWare servers and community components. definitely, after community communications, it is the most basic network service provided by using NetWare 6.

    With all this in intellect, i am certain you can agree that eDirectory administration is one among your key tasks as a Novell CNA (licensed community Administrator). in this chapter, you are going to explore 4 essential training regarding eDirectory administration:

  • Introduction to directory capabilities—you will start with a quick introduction to the fundamentals of directory features, including some commonplace makes use of and the way a directory is structured.

  • understanding eDirectory 8.6—you then'll discover the structure of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell directory features (NDS).

  • the usage of eDirectory Objects—you'll dig into the basics at the back of eDirectory's three kinds of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • implementing eDirectory eight.6 Naming—eventually, you will find out about naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, together with naming context suggestions and inheritance.

  • As that you can see, there is a great deal to be trained during this chapter and when it's all finished, you're going to be an completed eDirectory administrator. So, let's get began!

    check goals lined:

  • determine simple directory service tasks.

  • determine commonplace directory carrier uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The listing service is among the most simple network features provided via all NetWare 6 servers. definitely, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between all servers in a huge NetWare 6 network. As such, listing service administration is one in every of your key tasks as the community administrator.

    As its identify implies, the directory carrier gives access to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates all resources for the whole network. This object-oriented database is equipped into a hierarchical structure known as the tree. eDirectory gives the fundamental groundwork for the listing provider, including capabilities for replication and distribution. listing is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the listing (or folder) within the file gadget. in reality, these two "directories" outline the two important roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File device Administrator (directories and information) and eDirectory Administrator (The directory).

    The listing carrier is your chum. it could possibly look a bit intimidating at first, but if you get to know the listing service (and eDirectory, for that depend), it's in reality enjoyable. basically.

    How directory functions Work

    A directory service classifies all community materials into a finite number of objects. These objects may also be equipped through function, vicinity, dimension, class, or color—it doesn't rely. The factor is, a listing provider organizes community substances independently from their actual places. as an example, servers are prepared in response to feature. Then clients are positioned within the appropriate containers to simplify connectivity. This raises productiveness as a result of clients are close the resources they want. When a user logs in to the network, the person can entry any object in the Tree, even with its region. This offers a slick potential for managing not only users, but additionally all their hardware and purposes. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in lifestyles), it is top of the line to area person objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in shut proximity to each other.

    A listing carrier performs a few simple projects, including here:

  • Connecting disparate methods—A listing provider integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to share average management. In brand new enterprise world, such methods are required not only to talk with every different, however also to share information and use average capabilities to fulfill the targets of the company.

  • pleasant the wants of the person, corporation, and company—The network ought to be bendy adequate to provide a set of enjoyable capabilities according to individual wants.

  • Emulating all company relationships—The network should be in a position to ensuring that trusted relationships are developed and maintained between people, business, the business's intranet, and the all over net.

  • Coordinating counsel move—advice may also emanate both from the enterprise (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory service coordinates advice stream, no be counted what the source or class of counsel.

  • ensuring counsel availability—A listing service offers a means for making all community tips attainable to clients, instruments, applications, or other materials.

  • TIP

    A listing and a Relational Database management gadget (RDBMS) are two separate entities with distinctive capabilities. despite the fact that a listing is a collection of advice, it does not replace the usual RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one yet another, however they serve distinctive applications.

    customarily, a listing carrier may well be utilized in the following techniques:

  • Organizing facts—A listing service organizes records or suggestions for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory outlets all person, server, printer, and different network gadget suggestions.

  • getting access to tips readily—corresponding to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a listing carrier makes guidance about network resources obtainable to users, instruments, and purposes. A listing service offers personnel with global entry to network supplies. corporations and organizations additionally use directory features to provide user authentication and authorization for the usage of these network components and capabilities. For agencies with colossal numbers of cell users, eDirectory offers a means for storing consumer counsel required by using some applications. (Such functions are described as listing-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a listing service provides a global view of all network elements, comparable to users, functions, services, device resources, and contraptions.

  • providing protection—A directory provider uniquely identifies community elements, locates network objects when required, helps powerful protection points, and controls the person access to community components.

  • providing functions to clients—For corporations taking competencies of the points of digital business transactions, listing capabilities can aid arrange distinct databases while helping to mesh disparate community methods. This gives greater management of techniques between consumers, employees, and supply-chain companions. The ensuing benefits are as follows: reduced charges for administration and hardware, faster access to information and guidance, and relaxed network access with advanced fault tolerance.

  • From a generic standpoint, listing features can additionally give digital provisioning, enhanced protection, client profiling, digital wallets, automated notification methods, personalized internet interfaces, and digital deepest networks (VPNs).

    notice

    A digital private network (VPN) regularly is used to switch sensitive enterprise tips throughout an untrusted community (such because the cyber web) in a relaxed vogue (usually via encapsulating and encrypting information).

    So, what do you consider? Is a listing carrier for you? Who is aware of—you could even find it irresistible.

    directory structure

    As you keep in mind, the listing service offers entry to the eDirectory database, which contains all elements for the whole community. What precisely does eDirectory look like? From the outside, it appears like a huge cloud hovering over your community. On the inside, besides the fact that children, it follows a hierarchical tree constitution corresponding to the cyber web domain device. that is, beginning at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to because the directory information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for functions of our discussion.

    suppose of the tree as in reality being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree object (known as the Tree Root) and builds from there. subsequent, it sprouts container objects, which might be branches reaching towards the sky. eventually, leaf objects provide community functionality to clients, servers, and the file system. As that you would be able to see in figure 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.

    Figure 3.1determine 3.1 The figurative directory capabilities tree.

    The real eDirectory tree is made up of logical community objects. eDirectory objects define logical or actual entities that provide organizational or technical feature to the community. As you are going to see later in this chapter, they are available three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very exact of the eDirectory tree. because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects outline the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and condo different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container object consists of different objects, it's called a father or mother object.

    ultimately, leaf objects are the physical or logical network resources that deliver technical services and community performance. Leaf objects outline the bottom level of the eDirectory constitution. you'll study in regards to the most exciting leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the directory is governed by means of a group of rules jointly wide-spread as the listing schema. These rules define the class of records, the syntax of that records, and the objects the directory can comprise. Schema suggestions fall into two huge classes:

  • Object type definitions—These define the classification of objects and the attributes of these objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These outline the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. conveniently pointed out, the attribute value is the actual content material or information.

  • bear in mind once I instructed you that eDirectory changed into in keeping with the X.500 regular? earlier than you go tree mountaineering and discover the dynamics of eDirectory, take a short analyze that normal to peer what that all potential. I feel you'll spot some wonderful similarities between X.500 and what you have just discovered about directory features.

    realizing X.500

    X.500 is a world normal for naming features. plenty of business standards, akin to DNA (Digital network architecture), use X.500 with their personal naming features to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This allows for these disbursed machines to exist in a big hierarchical administration equipment.

    X.500 organizes community supplies (akin to clients and servers) into a globally attainable listing. The X.500 specification establishes instructions for representing, getting access to, and using information saved in a directory database. in reality, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of right here X.500 features:

  • Scalability—gigantic databases can be subdivided into smaller directory system brokers (DSAs). A DSA can symbolize both a single company or varied companies, and its contents may be dispensed throughout assorted directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This function allows for the directory database, or parts thereof, to be replicated on backup directory servers found all over the community.

  • Synchronization—as a result of X.500 should control a loosely coupled, distributed database, every server have to be able to synchronize its database contents with different servers. listing database updates can be made both on the normal master database (grasp-shadow association) or at any writable duplicate (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates listing database alternate assistance to all servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 listing is represented by a listing tips Tree (DIT) and directory assistance Base (DIB). as a minimum a kind of should sound regularly occurring. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their linked homes and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that assist in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects represent individual community entities, similar to servers, printers, and so on. seek advice from determine three.2 for an illustration of the X.500 directory architecture.

    The suggestions that determine the class of tips that can be saved in the DIB are held within the listing's schema. (Now this should still be sounding basically typical.) each and every object in an X.500 DIT has a different name that's called its amazing identify, or DN, (it really is, comprehensive name). each and every object can also also be talked about with the aid of a relative distinctive identify, or RDN, (that's, partial identify).

    listing database access is managed by using a DSA operating on a native server. clients access the database via a listing person Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-primarily based, and browser-fashion interfaces. DSAs and DUAs speak with each and every different using the directory access Protocol (DAP). moreover, DSAs can also communicate with one another the usage of the listing equipment Protocol (DSP), directory tips Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2figure three.2 X.500 directory structure.

    Now that you know where directory capabilities got here from and customarily how they work in NetWare 6, it's time to do some tree climbing! seems like that fun I promised you, does not it?


    Go In-Depth With LDAP and Novell's eDirectory | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    WEBINAR:On-Demand

    EUC with HCI: Why It concerns

    you're accountable for managing 15,000 user bills and 20,000 computers on your business. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. were you aware where your clients' computer systems are? when you are working for a typical company, well-nigh actually you don't. "British Telecom lately audited their IT belongings and located that they'd 20,000 greater computers than they concept," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now that is a serious programs management problem!

    Many businesses are sinking beneath the weight of their current legacy network identification, entry manage, and provisioning programs. one of the most warning signals that you just could have an issue:

  • users cannot be aware all their passwords because each utility requires its own authentication
  • listing assistance is obsolete, or incomplete
  • Ex-employees nevertheless have entry to local/far flung network capabilities
  • It takes on standard, 22 steps to create a new worker electronic mail address
  • Little or no auditing of debts and privileges, including move application comparisons to get a real experience of person movements
  • Redundant administration features and no pre-established delegation policies
  • Proprietary access, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each utility
  • As enormous and small businesses alike struggle to handle IT belongings and fees, world community id administration programs are looking increasingly desirable. The Forrester group predicts most Fortune 100 businesses may be enforcing these programs to in the reduction of TCO (complete charge of possession), get rid of manual/legacy programs, and streamline enterprise techniques.

    What do Novell, identity management and LDAP (light-weight directory access Protocol) ought to do with any of this? is this the equal moribund enterprise normal for the mature NetWare, NDS (Novell directory carrier), and GroupWise product traces? sure, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network id management and listing capabilities market with a new technology of LDAP-based mostly products and applied sciences. through building on Novell's typical strengths in listing administration and de-coupling these products from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, critical course, Microsoft, and different id administration vendors. The following couple of years can be a battleground for community identity providers and consultants as they battle to set up themselves during this new market. let us take a more intensive analyze Novell's LDAP implementation and directory service products to peer why make sure to be seriously in view that them if you would like an commercial enterprise scale LDAP gadget.

    Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it necessary an open regular for its entrance-conclusion software software. LDAP changed into the glaring choice as a result of Novell had traditionally based mostly each the NetWare and NDS programs on the X.500 protocol and LDAP turned into at the start designed because the X.500 entrance end. In March 1999, Novell released a duplicate of open source LDAP as part of its SDK (application developer's equipment) indicating its full support for the LDAP commonplace. at the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP assignment, cited, "world adoption of applied sciences requires that builders have entry to open and reusable code. we are pleased that Novell has chosen to use OpenLDAP application and has made its changes accessible to the group so all can also improvement. We appear ahead to working with Novell in furthering open source LDAP software." It obviously had the whole help of the developer neighborhood.

    besides the fact that children LDAP has been around as a standard protocol on account that 1995 except lately it has been a strictly again-office commercial enterprise network carrier. prior to now, the only open average for directories become X.500, added in 1988. due to the fact X.500 turned into OSI mannequin based mostly, LDAP turned into designed to function a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. since it is essentially the most open and versatile of the entire community capabilities protocols, the community id management group has embraced it because the core expertise to join person and computing device id assistance collectively into one seamless entire. it is now the de facto standard for many major identity administration services purposes. Openwave and iPlanet each use LDAP because the underlying address directory technology for enterprise email features products. LDAP is a longtime, strong, scalable open directory usual -- an extremely eye-catching answer.

    Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that modified Novell's items? First, let us appear at the details of how the NDS equipment has totally included LDAP. NDS eight gives effective LDAP support through enabling access at once to a NDS statistics store. This affords the better of each worlds -- open requirements for directory access whereas leveraging Novell's security strengths corresponding to amazing authentication and server-server replication. This stronger help comprises:

  • LDAP capabilities are installed by using default, which skill that LDAP clients can transparently entry NDS objects the usage of SSL without requiring any extra client utility.
  • means to put in writing at once to LDAP schema. To alternate an LDAP-NDS mapping, go to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based server/laptop management utility) monitor and select LDAP community Object. right click on this object and choose residences. that you can then go to the Attribute map or class Map tab so as to add/modify/delete the appropriate object.
  • Full auxiliary class help, which capability if an NDS or LDAP object is a member of distinct object classes, it inherits the attributes of all these object classes. word there are three default auxiliary classes in NDS.
  • eDirectory - Novell's directory provider ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a listing carrier it's scalable, extensible, and excessive efficiency. really, Novell has publicly confirmed that eDirectory can control greater than 1000000000 objects in a single tree. This capacity some distance exceeds what most commercial enterprise networks or e-businesses will ever require. a few of eDirectory's principal add-ons like international printing capabilities are included into NetWare 6.

    FeaturesSome of eDirectory's new or improved facets included in edition 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:

  • Full aid on multiple platforms, Netware, home windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here's splendid information for multi-platform businesses.
  • eDirectory has full guide for replication (assorted disbursed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting directory logically to assist decentralized administration and greater network performance). this is particularly important in a 7x24, five 9s, mission vital deployments.
  • Full assist of LDAP over SSL/TLS (cozy Socket Layer & Transport Layer security protocols). This feature is terribly essential in the net-primarily based services area.
  • helps SNMP monitoring. each directory monitoring and management consoles can be found. ConsoleOne is a Java-primarily based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is a web-based mostly monitoring and diagnostics for all enterprise eDirectories.
  • IManager is an internet-based mostly listing supervisor that performs operations on listing objects, including access, creation, directory portioning, and replication.
  • It includes an import/export utility the usage of LDAP listing Interchange structure (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy systems. It may also be performed from both the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager items.
  • directory StructureHere is a brief overview of the Novell listing structure from good to backside. Novell calls its directories "container objects."

  • TREE (as soon as referred to as [ROOT]) is the desirable of the directory hierarchy and carries all objects in the listing. essentially used to supply or deny international rights.
  • firm contains all objects for a firm or business. This includes the Administrator user. a country object can also be created at this degree for greater refinement.
  • ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is a further subdivision of a firm structure (corresponding to divisions, geographical, and so on). clients are created at this degree.
  • area (DNS Domains) - allows for eDirectory interaction with DNS for area of services.
  • DirXMLDir XML gives bi-directional and Meta-listing capabilities between e-listing and other commercial enterprise and legacy programs. The methods communicate with the aid of without delay processing XML documents. DirXML runs on plenty of systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and home windows NT/2000, however requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. at present attainable DirXML drivers include:

  • LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape directory Server, vital route InJoin directory, IBM SecureWay
  • electronic Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft alternate
  • commercial enterprise purposes - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
  • working device Domains - NT, active listing, NIS
  • Delimited text - Miscellaneous
  • DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two various kinds of statistics flows.

  • writer Channel - Sends facts from various methods to eDirectory.
  • Subscriber Channel.- Sends records from eDirectory to a considerable number of methods.
  • DirXML Driver - Handles the communication between DirXML engine and the utility however no longer the guideline processing. This comprises receiving the XML doc and translating it into a set of instructions, which can be then sent to the appropriate statistics keep. word that DirXML 1.1 now not requires eDirectory and DirXML operating on the server allowing far flung drivers to be dynamically loaded.
  • DirXML Engine - interprets listing activities comparable to add, alter, or delete to an XML doc. Translation contains processing a lot of filters, rules, and style sheets to obtain the favored outcome.
  • Objects - eDirectory operations involve definite key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-publisher, and DirXML-Subscriber.
  • Filters -- examine which attributes equivalent to name or tackle will be affected for this selected channel session.
  • rules units
  • Object mapping -- buddies an object within the eDirectory schema with an object within the exterior software.
  • Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding utility that should healthy earlier than growing an association attribute.
  • Create Object -- Specifies the attribute and values that need to be in area before a new object or record is created.
  • Placement -- Specifies the place within the software the objects are kept. distinct suggestions are customarily used.
  • XSLT fashion sheets - outline the XLST transformation suggestions that transforms commands or listing activities present in the XML files.
  • Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell offers certainly designed to support builders encompass:

  • custom-made DirXML Drivers -- Written in either C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can use DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log for debugging.
  • XML Interfaces for C++ - permits the developer to jot down messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML hint log.
  • LDAP Extensions and handle for JNDI (Java Naming and directory Interface).
  • verify Server for LDAP
  • eDirectory classification Libraries for C and Java - Used to perform operations corresponding to query or add on a LDAP directory. part of the Novell Developer equipment (NDK), it makes use of open supply code from the OpenLDAP undertaking.
  • Some CautionsNovell is relocating the right course by porting the package to assorted platforms, but if you really are looking to have a totally built-in gadget, remember to nevertheless be the usage of the other Novell products together with eDirectory. youngsters eDirectory has some tremendous elements that make it less complicated to increase enterprise scaled listing functions based purposes, it remains at coronary heart an NDS primarily based product. it's going to doubtless work ultimate for you in case you already have a NetWare setting up and some familiarity with the Novell strategy to network primarily based commercial enterprise capabilities. Tony Neal, IT supervisor at Marriott international Inc. views Novell LDAP aid as "a different piece of the protocol puzzle that will tie everything together, with NDS as the true engine underneath". It is not clear when talking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are in fact new purchasers and never just extra revenue to the current Novell customer base.

    just a few years back Novell took a serious misstep when they proposed a new excellent-stage .dir area for the internet. The proposed .dir domain turned into a so-known as chartered domain and would have required .dir candidates to be entirely compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance verify subsidized by DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir domain changed into critical since it would guarantee the type of web sites that might use it. The proposed domain immediately met with neighborhood resistance and became rapidly withdrawn. "Why is each person trying to ICANN to rubber-stamp their company fashions?" referred to Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-authorized registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (lightweight directory entry Protocol) root, nevertheless it would not want a TLD to try this. it could possibly construct the equal infrastructure below the latest DNS domains."

    Is Novell concerned with LDAP?Novell has been energetic with two emerging IETF specifications agencies. These efforts will little question emerge as in future Novell net, working system, and listing products.

  • SAML (safety statement Markup Language) 1.0 allows for functions to share authentication information. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability discussion board as a part of the Burton neighborhood. however, the only sign-on answer remains a work-in-growth.
  • The equal community OASIS (organization for the development of Structured advice necessities) that oversees SAML is also developing the UDDI (time-honored Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI includes a protocol for describing net capabilities and queries about agencies/products. Novell sponsored engineers authored a draft schema to area UDDI tips in an LDAP listing.
  • Liberty Alliance is creating a "federated" identification authentication protocol, known as "a circle of believe", that enables users to transparently navigate between affiliated companies. There are a lot of security access considerations nevertheless to be decided earlier than this turns into fact. It isn't clear what knowledge this schema has over present certification programs, like PKI.
  • Novell developers are engaged on the subsequent release of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will consist of more advantageous DirXML support for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal services, and legacy company directories that require listing-based identity and access services. present projected availability is summer 2003.

    Some enhancements which are a part of "project fate" the general Novell eDirectory and listing enhancement effort encompass:

  • UDDI server due via yr-end.
  • the long run version of eDirectory may be more dynamic with more desirable rules-based mostly "decision-making" about americans, and listing records.
  • "Saturn" is a Novell effort to make eDirectory and iChain (identification-driven net access) compatible with the liberty Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly may be accomplished by way of 12 months-end.
  • Dynamic identity functions and access will be granted in line with the software.
  • In conclusion, Novell has been working challenging to place itself in the forefront of the LDAP building neighborhood. Novell has leveraged its talents with X.500 and NDS to create a magnificent set of equipment the use of LDAP and the NDS structure. if you are keen on big-scale identity administration functions and you already have some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might possibly be just the toolkit you should build your software.

    extra elements

    Beth Cohen is president of Luth computing device specialists, Inc., a consulting practice focusing on IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been within the trenches supporting business IT infrastructure for over 20 years in a few distinctive fields including architecture, construction, engineering, application, telecommunications, and analysis. She is currently writing a ebook about IT for the small commercial enterprise and pursuing an advice Age MBA from Bentley faculty.

    Hallett German is an IT advisor who is skilled in imposing sturdy IT infrastructures with an emphasis on electronic messaging and directories. he is the founder of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language association. he's the author of three books on scripting languages.

    » See All Articles through Columnist Beth Cohen


    Novell's eDirectory spans platforms | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    COMPUTING

    November 17, 1999Web posted at: 2:29 p.m. EST (1929 GMT)

    by way of Jana Sanchez

    From...IDG.net

    LAS VEGAS (IDG) -- Novell has announced a version of NDS (Novell directory functions) that runs on the home windows NT, Novell NetWare and solar Microsystems' Solaris working programs.

    obtainable now, the NDS eDirectory is a directory platform that allows the person to compile, shop and talk suggestions about users, consumers and enterprise companions.

    apart from the three platforms that are available now, the listing will also work with Linux and Compaq's Tru64 Unix OS in the first half of next yr.

    Novell is touting NDS e-listing as an e-commerce tool if you want to allow companies to share assistance with its partners and suppliers.

    "Extranet equals further work ... in place of create a VPN (digital inner most network) you are sharing counsel using open protocols like SSL (secure sockets layer) and LDAP (lightweight listing access protocol)," noted Paul Corriveau, NDS product advertising manager, in an interview.

    the brand new directory is being positioned as a product that e-commerce vendors can use to construct up enormously personalized profiles to offer personalized capabilities to clients.

    considered one of Novell's shoppers, introduced here, is CNN Interactive, in an effort to use the expertise to shop user profiles for its internet website. When users log onto the directory by means of CNN's web web page, they'll acquire custom-made information, functions and promoting, Corriveau mentioned.

    "constructing this variety of personalised information with the intention to target shoppers is the real magnitude of directories," said Dana Gardner, an analyst with Aberdeen community in Boston. "by using having potent directories, businesses can goal specific individuals and offer the services these americans want."

    "it be all about loyalty -- developing relationships and customized services is the best option to build loyalty," Corriveau spoke of.

    "customers benefit because the advice about their wants and desires may also be presented to a huge number of product and repair suppliers," Gardner referred to.

    through the use of eDirectory you can enable companions to entry your listing the usage of a browser via LDAP, Corriveau talked about. The companions will not have to have eDirectory.

    privacy issues are additionally addressed by using the directory, Corriveau observed. "eDirectory has developed-in entry controls so you can make a decision how a whole lot information partners share."

    In an try and get application carriers to enhance applications for eDirectory, Novell is making a gift the directory to any ISV (independent software providers). The ISVs can down load it and use it to improve their applications and they can bundle a restricted eDirectory license with their application.

    Novell also introduced the availability of NDS corporate version, an software that sits on correct of NDS e-listing that integrates network components throughout diverse systems.

    NDS eDirectory is $2 per consumer and NDS corporate version is $26 per person.

    Jana Sanchez is London bureau chief for the IDG news provider.

    linked reports:

    Novell plans to outcluster windows NTSeptember 13, 1999NetWare 5.0 pulls all of it togetherAugust 3, 1999Novell and Microsoft agree on XML-based standardJuly 14, 1999

    linked IDG.web experiences:

    Comdex: Novell CEO unveils NDS eDirectory(IDG.web)Novell jumps into e-commerce enviornment with eDirectory(InfoWorld electric)NetPro helps directory administration(InfoWorld electric)community log-ins eased through NDS(InfoWorld electric)lost NDS characteristic muddles NetWare/Win 2000 management(InfoWorld electric)reputation of NDS-energetic directory integration is still up in the air(InfoWorld electric)Migration tool eases road from NDS to energetic listing(InfoWorld electric powered)NDS eight.0 offers competent community know-how(Civic.com)

    be aware: Pages will open in a new browser window

    exterior websites don't seem to be endorsed via CNN Interactive. connected websites:

    Novell, Inc.

    observe: Pages will open in a brand new browser window

    exterior sites are not recommended with the aid of CNN Interactive.

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    Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation : eDirectory 8.8

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    Novell eDirectory | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the book 

    This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • Identify and describe the composition of eDirectory.

  • Identify and describe eDirectory object classes.

  • Identify the flow and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.

    eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing all major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.

    eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It also provides the foundation network service for all NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.

    With all this in mind, I'm sure you would agree that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four important lessons regarding eDirectory management:

  • Introduction to Directory Services—You'll begin with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.

  • Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).

  • Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.

  • As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's all done, you'll be an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's get started!

    Test Objectives Covered:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by all NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between all servers in a large NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.

    As its name implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains all resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).

    The Directory service is your friend. It may seem a little intimidating at first, but when you get to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.

    How Directory Services Work

    A Directory service classifies all network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can be organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the appropriate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any object in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but also all their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to place User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in close proximity to each other.

    A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:

  • Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to share common management. In today's business world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but also to share information and use common services to meet the objectives of the organization.

  • Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must be flexible enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.

  • Emulating all business relationships—The network must be capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.

  • Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the business (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or type of information.

  • Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making all network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.

  • TIP

    A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two separate entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not replace the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.

    Typically, a Directory service may be used in the following ways:

  • Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores all user, server, printer, and other network device information.

  • Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations also use Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with large numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of all network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.

  • Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.

  • Providing services to customers—For organizations taking advantage of the features of electronic business transactions, Directory services can help organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior fault tolerance.

  • From a general perspective, Directory services can also provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).

    Note

    A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure fashion (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what do you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even like it.

    Directory Architecture

    As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains all resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory look like? From the outside, it looks like a big cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of our discussion.

    Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree object (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can see in Figure 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.

    Figure 3.1Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.

    The real eDirectory tree is made up of logical network objects. eDirectory objects define logical or physical entities that provide organizational or technical function to the network. As you will see later in this chapter, they come in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container object contains other objects, it is called a parent object.

    Finally, leaf objects are the physical or logical network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest level of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most interesting leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the type of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules fall into two broad categories:

  • Object class definitions—These define the type of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the attribute value is the actual content or data.

  • Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you go tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, take a quick look at that standard to see what that all means. I think you'll spot some amazing similarities between X.500 and what you've just learned about Directory services.

    Understanding X.500

    X.500 is an international standard for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), use X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a large hierarchical management system.

    X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:

  • Scalability—Large databases can be subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can represent either a single organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may be distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to be replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.

  • Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must be able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may be made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to all servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information Base (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects represent individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. Refer to Figure 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.

    The rules that determine the type of information that may be stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should be sounding really familiar.) Each object in an X.500 DIT has a unique name that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each object may also be referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).

    Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.

    Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they work in NetWare 6, it's time to do some tree climbing! Sounds like that fun I promised you, doesn't it?


    Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Related Resources: Books   

    This vendor-specific Certification is Offered By:Novell CorporationWaltham, MA USAPhone: 1-800-529-3400Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Skill Level: Intermediate                          Status: Active

    Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)               

    Summary:For individuals who solve advanced company-wide support problems and high-level network problems. They perform planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.

    Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare Advance Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).

    An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.

    Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to take an exam to keep current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which keep your skills up-to-date and keep your certification valuable in the marketplace.

    CNE Pay Chart:

    See all Novell Certifications

    Vendor's page for this certification


    City of Apopka Selects Zvetco Biometrics and Viable Solutions, Inc. to Deliver Needed Strong Authentication for Compliance with CJIS Mandates | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012

    Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at state and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely high security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.

    Within the new mandates, agencies must enforce unique IDs, strong passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must be met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could be denied access to CJIS systems or face penalties.

    The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve tight integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its kind connectivity with Novell eDirectory.

    City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost effective product that easily connects to our VDI and Physical workstations. With those in place we are able to deliver the new Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."

    "Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the promise to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to see Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can be utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows Active Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS type readers”.

    Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We have supported the City of Apopka for decades, and we have worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was aware that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the field of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. We then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project we built close ties with Authasas and together we have now delivered a solution that will fit any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”

    About Zvetco Biometrics

    Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, financial services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that prevent identity theft, increase accountability and eliminate the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.

    Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. All other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

    Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com

    About Viable Solutions, Inc.

    Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They also provide a secure, robust, and reliable private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in all manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and support tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their business process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.

    Media Contact: Mark Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm



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