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050-640 NetWare 5 Advanced Administration

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050-640 exam Dumps Source : NetWare 5 Advanced Administration

Test Code : 050-640
Test Name : NetWare 5 Advanced Administration
Vendor Name : Novell
Q&A : 91 Real Questions

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Novell NetWare 5 Advanced Administration

What Certifications can be found and What Are the necessities? | Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

in the early 90s, Novell had here certifications purchasable: CNA-certified Novell Administrator, CNE-licensed Novell Engineer, and the ECNE-business certified Novell Engineer (the MCNE-master CNE has due to the fact changed the ECNE). The CNA, CNE, and MCNE are nevertheless attainable. moreover, Novell has the CDE-licensed directory Engineer, the CNI-certified Novell instructor, and the MCNI-grasp certified Novell teacher. Novell's CIP-certified information superhighway professional certification has currently merged with Prosoft's CIW. i will be able to discuss the CIW alternatives in an upcoming article. moreover, as a result of here's not a trainer's discussion board, i cannot address the CNI or MCNI. if you have a question about the CNI or MCNI, consider free to drop me an electronic mail or publish a remark, and i can be pleased to respond. I will also be reached at If adequate interest is expressed, I might be glad to address many of the various coach alternatives that exist within the current IT market, together with the CNI and MCNI, in a future essay.

The CNA is the entry-degree Novell certification. The CNA is designed for those setting up workstations, managing users and businesses, administering a printing environment, and automating network access. it's a one-check, one-route certification. counting on the operating gadget that you just assist, that you may earn the CNA in NetWare 5, IntraNetWare, and GroupWise 5. The CNA in NetWare three and GroupWise 4 should be retired at the end of 2001. when you are administering a GroupWise 5.5 ambiance (GroupWise is Novell's electronic mail system), you can also earn the CNA.

The CNE is one in every of Novell's Premier certifications. counting on the CNE music that you simply pursue, you are going to take either six or seven tests. The CNE is designed for networking specialists who are responsible for retaining their networks up and running. These are the individuals charged with designing a TCP/IP internetwork and designing a directory capabilities implementation. There are five tracks that are at the moment provided, two of which will be retired at the conclusion of 2001. These tracks are NetWare 5, GroupWise 5 and IntraNetWare. (The NetWare three and GroupWise four tracks can be retired.) to be able to earn the NetWare 5 CNE, you ought to flow six assessments: a) NetWare 5.1 Administration; b) NetWare 5.1 advanced Administration; c) NetWare 5.1 Design and Implementation; d) Networking technologies; e) carrier and assist; and f) one optionally available. The electives consist of a) desktop administration with ZENworks; b) desktop administration with ZENworks for computers 3; c) cyber web protection management with BorderManager; d) network management the use of ManageWise 2.7; e) network management the usage of ManageWise 2.6; f) TCP/IP for Networking gurus; g) Integrating NetWare and home windows NT; or h) GroupWise 5.5 Administration. IntraNetWare and GroupWise 5.5 CNEs have one look at various to take in addition to their past CNE necessities: either the NetWare 5.1 superior Administration look at various or the NetWare 4.11 to NetWare 5.1 replace exam. This requirement is because Novell wishes all legacy CNEs to upgrade their core advantage to the NetWare 5.1 platform.

Novell has these days introduced the necessities for the brand new NetWare 6 CNE track. As of this writing, NetWare 6 CNEs may have seven tests to flow: a) eDirectory Administration with NetWare 6; b) CompTIA's community + exam; c) NetWare 6 advanced Administration; d) NDS Design and Implementation; e) service and help; f) TCP/IP for Networking authorities; and g) computing device management for ZENworks with pcs 3. Novell is also planning different changes to the CNE certification as a way to revolve around the concept of proficiency Certificates. check Novell's web website for setting up details.

One question that arises as Novell reveals the NetWare 6 CNE necessities is here: if you are already pursuing the NetWare 5 CNE, should you finish it, or in the event you wait for the NetWare 6 music to roll out? according to Novell's heritage, if you have made an funding of time and money within the NetWare 5 music, conclude it. you can assume that each the NetWare 5 and NetWare 6 tracks may be accessible as certification alternatives as soon as the NetWare 6 track rolls out for a big length. in case you earn the NetWare 5 CNE, Novell's past checklist has shown that you will merely need to take a single replace examination. I had to take a single update examination when IntranetWare came out so as to improve from NetWare four.1 when NetWare 5.0 came out and when NetWare 5.1 rolled out. here is not Microsoft, for which you have to take one more seven tests to upgrade from NT 3.fifty one to 4.0; then you have to take an extra seven checks in case you upgrade from NT four.0 to windows 2000.

The MCNE is designed for these individuals who are chargeable for integrating NDS with the systems of alternative companies. The MCNE song is present process an incredible overhaul. as much as July 31, 2001, Novell had six tracks that resulted in the MCNE. These tracks protected administration, Connectivity, Messaging, internet/Intranet solutions, NetWare and UNIX Integration, and NetWare and home windows NT Integration. i used to be in a position to earn the MCNE in management, Connectivity, Messaging, and NT Integration. beneficial April 15, 2001, Novell streamlined the six tracks into a single MCNE tune. To earn the MCNE now, candidates should have the NetWare 5 CNE and then must flow 4 tests: one core requirement and three electives. The core requirement is TCP/IP for Networking gurus. The three electives can be any three of here: a) GroupWise 6 advanced Administration; b) GroupWise 5 net access and Connectivity version 2; c) Integrating NetWare and windows NT; d) Integrating NDS eDirectory and active listing; e) network management the use of Managewise 2.7; f) web protection management with BorderManager; g) laptop administration with ZENworks; h) computing device management with ZENworks for pcs 3; or i) Managing NetScape enterprise Server for NetWare. Novell additionally currently introduced extra adjustments to the MCNE track when NetWare 6 rolls out. The adjustments will consist of two CompTIA exams. grasp CNE candidates should be required to flow CompTIA's Server+ and IT assignment+ exams. grasp CNEs upgrading from NetWare 5 might be required to flow the IT task+ exam as a relentless certification requirement. examine Novell's web web page for the newest assistance.

The CDE, considered one of Novell's most up-to-date certifications, is designed for superior support persons who deserve to recognize the way to combine and troubleshoot directory-carrier considerations. The focal point of this certification is the vigor of directory capabilities, regardless of the parent platform: NetWare, UNIX, or W2K. NetWare 5 CNEs can earn the CDE via passing two tests: a) the superior NDS tools and Diagnostics check; and b) the listing technologies look at various. The superior NDS equipment and Diagnostics examine has a written and practical component. Microsoft MCSEs, Cisco CCIEs and CCNPs, and IBM certified experts can also earn the CDE. They need to pass both up to now mentioned checks and two additional exams. these exams are: a) NDS Design and Implementation; and b) Microsoft's Designing windows 2000 listing services or NetWare 5.1 Administration for Cisco and IBM individuals. Microsoft individuals can make a choice from Integrating NDS eDirectory and windows NT or the Microsoft Designing windows 2000 directory features test. I haven't yet pursued or earned the CDE. Many who have sat during the ILTs and corresponding exams have informed me that the CDE exams are a real test of your talents and functional talents. here is probably the most few Novell certifications that I do not at the moment hang. it's my intent to pursue it sometime this 12 months as a result of I agree with it's going to continue to boost my earning potential, and it will continue to validate my latest ability set. i will be able to let you be aware of how it goes.

NetWare 5.0: worth the improve | Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

NetWare 5.0: worth the upgrade
  • by Paul Ferrill
  • Oct 18, 1998
  • With final month's liberate of NetWare 5.0, Novell Inc. raised the bar in terms of functionality delivered out of the container. The familiar community operating gadget presents sooner performance, a number of new and helpful internet aspects, and more advantageous administration tools that collectively put it a notch above the competitors.

    while Microsoft Corp. continues to unlock beta copies of the next version of home windows NT, Novell has shipped its product with enhancements and alternatives that aren't planned for NT 5.0. mainly, NetWare 5.0 contains more desirable NetWare listing features (NDS), assist for open necessities, together with the lightweight directory access Protocol (LDAP), and bundled database and around the globe net server utility.

    We took a brief examine NetWare 5.0 and outlined the highlights in a outdated challenge [FCW, Sept. 28]. After a few weeks of evaluating the software, we desired to offer federal community administrators greater details in regards to the product and information about whether or not they should upgrade.

    standard, we found NetWare 5.0 to be a rewarding upgrade for existing NetWare clients. the brand new elements, coupled with greater performance and bundled application, make it a high-quality choice on which to base your native-area community.

    in case you decide to improve, you're going to discover that migrating to version 5.0 is nothing like the trauma of relocating from NetWare three.x to NetWare four.x. The latest NDS constitution basically is a similar, besides the fact that children a brand new customer has to be installed. definitely, the advantages of the brand new liberate a long way outweigh any minor inconveniences you may stumble upon.

    before identifying to improve, be certain to accept as true with the hardware necessities for servers operating NetWare 5.0. you are going to want an Intel Corp. Pentium-based server with as a minimum 64M of RAM, 550M of disk space, a CD-ROM that may examine ISO-9660 CD-ROMs and a VGA-appropriate screen adapter. you're going to additionally deserve to decide what functions you need to run in your server, such as the bundled Oracle8 database from Oracle Corp. or the Netscape Communications Corp. FastTrack net server. each of those applications require quite a lot of memory, which means you are going to need at the least 128M of reminiscence for the server.

    One decent reason to improve is more advantageous performance. NetWare 5.0's revamped kernel wholly helps multiprocessor environments and applies a load-balancing method to evenly distribute applications throughout distinct processors. New reminiscence-management algorithms efficaciously allocate memory to soliciting for purposes on demand. in fact, NetWare 5.0 has the means to without delay entry as much as 4G of RAM.

    a further performance enhancer is NetWare 5.0's ability to run a web Protocol-only community, which makes it less complicated to interconnect disparate hardware or physically separated networks.

    The handiest area that would not measure up when it comes to efficiency is the new ConsoleOne Java-primarily based graphical user interface (GUI), which has confined performance and runs reasonably slowly. you're going to likely nonetheless need to use NetWare Administrator, NDS manager or ManageWise for many management and administration projects.

    ConsoleOne attempts to give you the skill to operate tasks on the console that you continually would accomplish the use of the NWADMIN program from a shopper laptop. youngsters, it ran appreciably slower on our 200 MHz Pentium-classification server in comparison with performing the identical capabilities from a in a similar way configured customer laptop.

    New aspects

    NetWare 5.0 is chock crammed with new facets, many to assist integration with the cyber web. as an example, NDS now supports Dynamic Host manage Protocol, which is a way to dynamically allocate IP addresses to particular person workstations. really, administrators can control objects for DHCP servers and workstations appropriate from the NetWare administration console. NDS now additionally helps server management for the information superhighway's area Naming gadget (DNS).

    NetWare's two greatest tasks at all times had been file and print functions. With edition 5.0, Novell has delivered new elements that boost the functionality and efficiency of each capabilities. Novell Storage functions (NSS) is the new identify for everything related with file functions. Many regular tasks that took lots of time are greatly faster with NSS. as an example, mounting colossal volumes, which used to take a couple of minutes, is ready 10 instances faster.

    NetWare treats each disk partition as a single volume and allows you to manipulate data either personally or globally for the whole volume. In previous models, NetWare would build a desk of guidance about every extent for those who set up it for access— a technique that may take a few minutes for massive disk partitions. With the new version of NSS, this process is vastly improved and requires fewer equipment components to achieve.

    in the print functions area, Novell has introduced Novell disbursed Print functions. Developed along side printer manufacturers Hewlett-Packard Co. and Xerox Corp., NDPS makes managing printers a simple project. as an instance, NDPS offers automated printer discovery and configuration together with automated download of print drivers.

    The NetWare Administrator program has been upgraded to guide the DHCP and DNS administration aspects. An add-on allows you to control your Oracle database correct from the NWADMIN console.

    effortless setting up

    directors will locate the setting up procedure exceedingly straightforward. We loaded NetWare 5.0 from scratch, but if your computer can boot from a CD-ROM, you are going to be capable of load NetWare 5.0 from the distribution CD. youngsters, the CD-ROM drive ought to support the El Torito standards, which were written via Phoenix technologies Ltd. and IBM Corp. to describe bootable CD-ROMs.

    NetWare 5.0 requires a 50M boot partition and a 500M gadget partition. the brand new installation software makes use of a Java-based GUI to make the system less difficult. many of the installing alternatives use an auto-detect characteristic to present you with an inventory of decisions in line with the ambiance detected. A Novell migration wizard publications you during the improve procedure while preserving your existing bindery and file device facts.

    as soon as the community working gadget has been loaded, you should one after the other deploy Oracle8 and FastTrack. The Oracle8 installation uses the general NetWare installing utility, while FastTrack should be installed from a shopper machine working the 32-bit NetWare customer that ships with NetWare 5.0.

    while installing the customer application, we encountered an error message informing us that the NetWare 5.0 client would not run on the usual shipping edition of home windows 95. in its place, we needed to down load the provider Pak 1 replace from Microsoft's web website ( windows/downloads/bin/W95setup.exe) and set up it earlier than loading the NetWare 5.0 client.

    -- Ferrill is a primary engineer at Avionics examine & evaluation Corp. at Edwards Air force Base, Calif. He can be reached at


    AT a glance

    NetWare 5.0Novell Inc.(801)

    price and Availability: A single reduce-wrapped copy from ASAP software specific Inc. includes a server reproduction and 5 consumer licenses for $920. ASAP presents further licensing alternatives ranging from five to 500 clients. those prices latitude from $765 to $20,695. ASAP expects NetWare 5.0 to appear on its widely wide-spread features Administration agenda very quickly. also, Novell has three companies— ASAP, GE Capital IT solutions Federal systems and application residence overseas— that offer agencies negotiable individual deals through GSA master License Agreements.

    Remarks: NetWare 5.0 represents a big upgrade to the venerable NetWare operating equipment, with many new efficiency and feature enhancements. The installation manner is easy, while the migration wizards supply a straightforward solution to improve current methods.

    closing score: Very respectable

    King of the network operating systems | Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    No result found, are trying new keyword!perhaps administration bells and administration whistles are ... Microsoft's home windows 2000 superior Server, Novell's NetWare 5.1, crimson Hat application's Linux 6.1 and The Santa Cruz Operation's (SCO) UnixWare ...

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    NetWare 5 Advanced Administration

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    NetWare 6 Server Management | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the book 

    iManage; therefore, I am.

    Welcome to the future of Novell management. iManager is an anytime, anywhere advanced administration utility that enables you to perform almost all the eDirectory management tasks typically handled by NetWare Administrator and/or ConsoleOne. iManager is platform independent and Web browser–based. Furthermore, iManager enables you to customize its capabilities based on preassigned or customized admin roles.

    With iManager, the future is now. To run iManager, you must meet the following minimum system requirements:

  • Browser—iManager supports Internet Explorer 5 service pack 2 (or later) and Netscape 4.6 (or later).

  • Platform—iManager runs on these network platforms: NetWare 5 support pack 4 (or later), NetWare 5.1 (for secure SSL support), and NetWare 6.

  • eDirectory—iManager requires eDirectory version 8.5 (or later).

  • You can access iManager from the NetWare 6 Web Manager portal (shown in Figure 3.1). To access this page from a compatible browser, enter HTTPS://{server IP address}:2200 in the Address field.

    The iManager Main Page (shown in Figure 3.6) consists of the following three functional frames:

  • Header frame—Occupies the top center of Figure 3.6. The header frame contains the following five buttons: Home (returns to the iManager home page), Exit (closes your iManager session and returns you to the iManager login page), Roles and Tasks (displays the roles and tasks that you've been assigned, and controls the links provided in the navigation frame), Configure (enables you to set up RBS, manage administrative roles, and modify the owners of the rbsCollection container), and Help (provides access to general iManager online help).

  • Navigation frame—Occupies the left side of Figure 3.6. The navigation frame contains links that pertain to the button chosen in the header frame. In Figure 3.6, for example, the Roles and Tasks button displays the following navigation links: DHCP management, DNS management, eDirectory administration, iPrint management, and license management.

  • Main content frame—Occupies the right side of Figure 3.6. The main content frame is your advanced administration playground for eDirectory and server management.

  • Figure 3.6FIGURE 3.6 NetWare 6 iManager main page.

    Real World

    Everything you've learned about iMonitor is within the realm of default configuration. This default behavior is sufficient in most environments, but it might not give you all the flexibility and control you require. Fortunately, iMonitor enables you to customize its features by using the following configuration file:


    By default, all parameters in NDSIMON.INI are inactivated by using the pound sign (#) comment. To enable and customize a parameter, all you have to do is change the appropriate line and remove the pound sign (#).

    For example, you can use NDSIMON.INI to increase the access authentication level beyond the default [Public] level. Simply edit the LockMask parameter to require an Authenticated User (setting 1) or Authenticated Supervisor (setting 2).

    iManager depends on administrative roles to customize its interface. Furthermore, this facility is controlled by a new eDirectory feature called Role-Based Services (RBS). To prepare iManager for role-based administration, you must first accomplish these two configuration steps:

  • Configure RBS

  • Assign iManager roles

  • Let's take a closer look at these two steps and learn how to configure iManager for role-based administration. Remember that the future is now.

    Brain Snack

    Just another example of "seeing what isn't there." The same hero claims all these famous phrases. As a matter of fact, his or her name is an anagram of one of them. Who is our hero?

    "The world's mine oyster."

    "The better part of valor is discretion."

    "Be to yourself as you would to your friend."

    "If money go before, all ways do lie open."

    "I'll make a wise phrase."

    "All that glisters is not gold."

    "I'll blow the wind that profits nobody."

    (Q3-2) (See Appendix C for all Brain Snack answers.)

    Configure Role-Based Services

    iManager uses RBS to control administrative access to eDirectory and server functions. RBS is a special extension of the eDirectory schema that occurs automatically when you install NetWare 6. However, if you want to use iManager on an existing NetWare 5.x server, you must first extend the eDirectory schema to support RBS.

    The first task in configuring RBS is to extend the eDirectory Schema (this is done automatically during NetWare 6 installation). This Schema extension modifies eDirectory to support six new RBS objects (as shown in Figure 3.7).

    Figure 3.7FIGURE 3.7 Extended Role-Based Services (RBS) objects in eDirectory.

    Real World

    iManager and ZENworks for Servers both use RBS. However, each utility's roles are exclusively available for its use. That is, iManager roles can be used only by iManager and ZENworks for Servers roles can be used only by ZENworks for Servers.

    Fortunately, you can tell the difference between these eDirectory objects by the case of RBS in each object name: iManager eDirectory objects are preceded by lowercase rbs, whereas ZENworks for Servers eDirectory objects are preceded by uppercase RBS.

    To extend an existing NetWare 5.x eDirectory schema for RBS, launch iManager and authenticate as the admin user. From the Header frame, select Configure and from the Navigation frame, select Extend Schema from under the Role-Based Services setup link. At this point, iManager will automatically extend the schema for RBS. When the confirmation message appears, select OK to complete the extension.

    The new extended eDirectory supports six objects for RBS. The following is an explanation of the function of each of these new RBS objects (shown in Figure 3.7):

  • rbsCollection—This eDirectory container object holds all iManager RBS objects. Therefore, this container should be located at the highest possible point in the tree. By default, this container is named Role-Based Services. However, you can change the name during NetWare 6 installation or during the NetWare 5.x schema extension we just performed.

  • TIP

    Only one rbsCollection container should be created per wide-area network (WAN) link because role assignments across WAN links create considerable bandwidth overhead. Furthermore, administrative users should be assigned to administrative roles that are stored in the rbsCollection container that's geographically closest to them.

  • rbsRole—There is an rbsRole object for each administrative role added to eDirectory. The rbsRole object is also a container, stored in the rbsCollection container, and it holds the rbsScope object.

  • rbsScope—The rbsScope object is created and deleted dynamically by iManager. It describes how administrative role privileges will flow through the eDirectory tree. In summary, the rbsScope defines which portion of the tree a particular rbsRole can manage. Although this object appears in the tree, you should not modify it.

  • rbsModule—The rbsModule object is also a container, stored in the rbsCollection container, and it holds two RBS objects: rbsTask and rbsBook.

  • rbsTask—Each administrative role is made up of several tasks, and each task is represented by an rbsTask object. As a result, iManager task information is stored in eDirectory and is easily distributed.

  • rbsBook—The rbsBook object is a central administrative catalog for all roles and tasks assigned to a given user. Each rbsBook object is made up of several task pages that allow users to perform all assigned roles and tasks from one central place.

  • The second task is configuring RBS is to create the rbsCollection container. This will become the top level of your administrative hierarchy. From the iManager Configure page, select the Role-Based Service Setup link and choose Create rbsCollection. In the Name field, enter the name of the rbsCollection container. Remember that by default, it's called Role-Based Service. You might want to consider something more descriptive, such as RBS_WHITE. This naming syntax will enable you to track the host container for the beginning of RBS administrative hierarchy.

    Next, in the Container field, browse to and select the container where you would like it to be created. In our example, that would be the WHITE container. Create the container by selecting OK. When the object has been created, select OK to complete the rbsCollection creation process.

    After you've created the rbsCollection container, you must choose which administrative roles or plug-ins it will support. From the iManager Configure page, select the Role-Based Services Setup link and choose Install Plug-In. Next, choose from a list of five different administrative role categories: DHCP, DNS, eDirectory, iPrint, and Licensing.

    Now let's learn how to assign these new roles to administrative users. That's step 2 of iManager configuration.

    Assign iManager Roles

    The Roles and Tasks button in the iManager header frame provides access to five administrative roles links in the navigation frame. These five links hold seven default iManager roles. These seven roles are the cornerstone of Novell's new anytime, anywhere advanced administration strategy: DHCP Management, DNS Management, eDirectory Container, eDirectory Group, eDirectory User, iPrint Management, and Licensing.

    Let's take a moment to explore the five iManager role categories listed on the left side of Figure 3.6:

    We'll discuss these categories in alphabetical order, as they are listed in the iManager navigation frame.

    DHCP Management

    iManager supports extensive DHCP configuration capabilities by using the DHCP Management role. With this role, you can accomplish these DHCP management tasks:

  • DNS/DHCP scope settings—Create the DNS/DHCP Locator object and the administrative scope.

  • Global DHCP configuration—Set global DHCP preferences and import/export a DHCP configuration.

  • DHCP server management—Create, delete, and modify the DHCP Server object. You can also view the DHCP audit/event logs and start or stop DHCP services at the server level.

  • Subnet pool management—Create, delete, and modify the Subnet Pool object.

  • Subnet management—Create, delete, and modify the Subnet object.

  • Address range management—Create, delete, and modify the SAR (Subnet Address Range) object.

  • IP address management—Create, delete, and modify IP addresses.

  • DNS Management

    iManager enables you to perform a number of DNS configuration tasks by using the DNS Management role. The following is a brief description of the DNS tasks you can perform by using this iManager role:

  • DNS/DHCP scope settings—Just as with the DHCP Management role, you can create the DNS/DHCP Locator object and the administrative scope.

  • DNS server management—You can create, delete, and modify the DNS Server object. In addition, you can import zone master files to eDirectory and export eDirectory data in to a master file. Finally, the DNS management role enables you to start and stop DNS services using iManager.

  • Zone management—You can create, delete, and modify forward or reverse Zone objects.

  • Resource record management—You can create, delete, and modify RRSet objects.

  • TIP

    For more information regarding NetWare 6 DNS/DHCP management, refer to Chapter 6, "NetWare 6 IP Services."

    eDirectory Administration

    RBS supports three eDirectory management roles that you can use to customize iManager administration. Here's a brief description of each of these eDirectory roles:

  • Container management—This eDirectory role enables users to create Organization and Organizational Unit containers in the eDirectory tree.

  • Group management—This eDirectory role enables users to create Group objects in the eDirectory tree. Fortunately, this role does not allow users to modify existing Group objects.

  • User management—This eDirectory role enables users to create other User objects in the eDirectory tree. Fortunately, this role does not allow users to modify existing User objects.

  • iPrint Management

    The iPrint management role in iManager enables you to perform nine tasks: create printer; create manager; create broker; delete NDPS object; enable iPrint access; manage printer; manage print service manager; manage broker; and remote print manager configuration. For more information about iPrint, see Chapter 6, "NetWare 6 IP Services."

    License Management

    The Licensing role in iManager enables you to perform four tasks:

  • Install license—Enables users to add licenses to those areas of the tree for which they have administrative privileges.

  • Move license—Enables users to move licenses from one context or container to another.

  • Delete license—Enables users to remove licenses from the tree. This is a particularly dangerous task because it has far-reaching implications.

  • Manage license properties—Enables users to view the number of installed licenses, monitor the licenses in use, determine when licenses were installed, and revoke license allocation to users who do not need network access. This is also a very dangerous capability if abused.

  • To assign any of these iManager roles to administrative users, select Configure from the header frame in iManager. Next, expand the Role Management link in the navigation frame and choose Modify Role. The Modify Role window should appear in the main content frame (as shown in Figure 3.8). Choose a particular administrative role and select the Members icon. Then, in the Object name field, browse to and select an administrative user. Then choose Add. Mark the box next to the Administrative User object.

    Figure 3.8FIGURE 3.8 Assigning iManager roles.

    Next, in the Name field, browse to and select the user you'll be assigning roles to. Then choose Add. Finally, in the Scope field, browse to and select the container where you want this administrative user to perform this role. Then choose Add. When the role assignment has been made, you can complete the process by clicking OK.

    Congratulations! You've successfully traversed NetWare 6's hot new anytime, anywhere advanced administration utilities. In this lesson, you learned all about Remote Manager (previously the NetWare Management Portal), iMonitor (affectionately known as Simon), and iManager (the future of Novell management). Now you're well armed to tackle even the most perplexing advanced administration tasks. Be very careful how you wield such power.

    Now let's put our newly acquired skills to the ultimate test by configuring NetWare 6 DNS/DHCP services. This is where the rubber literally meets the information superhighway.

    Novell's OES provides ties between NetWare and Linux | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Based on our Clear Choice Test of OES, we think it's a major breakthrough in Novell's long-stated intention to marry its directory and administrative applications to Linux. OES layers a highly competitive directory service onto Linux, provides decidedly evolved administrative and management components and offers very good, egalitarian client support.

    Clear Choice TestDepending on how you look at it, Novell's Open Enterprise Server is either more of the same old stuff, or a major breakthrough in how advanced services can be built to run on a variety of base operating system kernels.

    Based on our Clear Choice Test of OES , we think it's a major breakthrough in Novell's long-stated intention to marry its directory and administrative applications to Linux. OES layers a highly competitive directory service onto Linux, provides decidedly evolved administrative and management components and offers very good, egalitarian client support.

    With OES you get a choice: traditional NetWare (Version 6.5 with Service Pack 3), or traditional Linux (SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 [SLES] with Service Pack 1). NetWare shops can now peer Linux applications and services with NetWare-hosted eDirectory and Novell-based identity-management services. On the flip side, Linux-based IT organizations can now plug into a cohesive, mature, encrypted authentication infrastructure that's commercially supported worldwide.

    A single OES license entitles the user to build two servers of either foundational type and cluster them together. The OES glue that binds the two base operating systems together is eDirectory, which is easier to implement, manage and administer than the open source OpenLDAP directory service. Novell has made the eDirectory services largely congruent across both kernels.

    The downside that still remains for both NetWare and Linux users - even with OES - is that connectivity to Windows Active Directory and NT domains creates a duplicate layer of directory services because that integration requires the installation of Samba proxy services to make the necessary connections.

    Both versions of OES can be managed by iManager 2.5, a browser plug-in that gets to the heart of virtually all OES services worth mentioning - especially Novell's evolved eDirectory. This application uses browser real estate efficiently but begs for a high-resolution screen. On the Linux side of OES, where iManager leaves off, SLES 9's Yet Another Setup Tool (YaST) takes over for driving operating system-specific configuration and administration detail such as hardware management, low-level settings and DNS/DHCP tasks. In our tests, we hardly used YaST.

    Unlike with the Windows 2003 server editions we've tested, Linux and MacOS clients aren't second-class clients. OES provides maximum security measures available for these clients, including easy logon script support and encrypted server communication. The odd client out is Novell's Desktop System client, based on Linux, which doesn't have a peer client-side connectivity method that generic Linux, MacOS and Windows clients do.

    While both foundation kernels will run on 64-bit CPUs (which we tested and found no anomalies), both OES application sets are limited to 32-bit use and are only supported by Novell at that level. We found that performance of Web-based transaction tasks was only slightly faster (ranging from no appreciable increase to a 7% rise in throughput on SLES 9 OES) than the versions of NetWare 6.5 (DocFinder: 8326) and SLES 9 (DocFinder: 8327) we've tested in the past. Novell says that a cross-platform, full 64-bit version set of OES services is scheduled to arrive early next year.

    Our tests showed excellent installation compatibility for both kernel foundations across an array of server platforms (see "How we did it" ).

    We found the network installation process to be much quicker than installing the OES software from the distribution CDs. Initial configuration of eDirectory on either platform, while unattended, takes time (about 45 minutes for a baseline eDirectory configuration on SLES 9). Subsequent importation of LDAP schema and data from our 3,000-user database was very fast (less than 5 minutes on NetWare; 7 minutes on SuSE Linux).

    It also is possible to migrate Windows NT domain information into eDirectory with a little effort. Connecting to a Windows Active Directory tree requires more work, and synchronization services between eDirectory and Active Directory uses Samba, which requires extensive initial manual installation when used with eDirectory.

    Clustering NetWare and Linux

    Once configured, either OES foundation can be clustered with any other, with surprising ease. Connecting shared resources - such as file systems - was a breeze. One exception was that NetWare OES was unable to handle Common Internet File System (CIFS ) with concurrent large file copies. Novell says that CIFS support will be improved in an update to arrive later this month.

    We found server application support to be cohesive across both operating system foundations. For organizations that use Apache, Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition, JBoss, Tomcat, MySQL and other open source application platform sets, the OES platform levels the playing field between NetWare kernel-based servers and those running OES SuSE Linux. Very few minor differences exist with these applications between the two server platforms. Additionally, a new certificate authority accessible from either foundation worked well and has flexible, RSA-licensed certificate generation and management.

    Novell's NetWare Storage System also allowed us to mount and use a larger number of filing systems, such as the Linux Reiser journaled file system found in SLES 9. By using iFolder - Novell's Web interface to various, supported OES-based filing systems - we could move folders/files on both platforms quickly no matter the client type. This rcp-type (Unix remote copy) method also prevents dragging files and folders through network wires.

    We built NetWare OES to NetWare OES, SLES OES to SLES OES, and NetWare OES to SLES OES clusters. Clustering applications can be in mirrored form (active to passive) or synchronized (active to active) using CIFS, Network File System, File Transfer Protocol, Apple Filing Protocol and LDAP. We tested all types. The applications that mirrored across the OES servers include MySQL, Apache, Novell iFolder, DHCP and DNS - all of which successfully passed our testing. We did not test NetStorage (because of CIFS issues raised earlier), iPrint and Virtual Office in the clustered configuration.

    Both cluster synchronizing or mirroring was fast (for example, when we imported a 300M-byte file into MySQL, the data was mirrored effectively within 30 seconds), even under heavy, sustained loads between all OES foundation combinations. But it was fastest when we clustered NetWare OES to NetWare OES.

    With OES, Novell has finally delivered on its basic promise of migrating eDirectory and previously NetWare-based components onto Linux as a fraternal partner. Yet to come are ports to a full 64-bit CPU platform infrastructure. Additional cohesiveness in storage support (back-up snapshots aren't supported in SLES OES, as well as certain types of file attributes, and encryption) will be welcome when they arrive.

    Henderson is principal researcher for ExtremeLabs in Indianapolis. He can be reached at

    Learn more about this topic The future of OES


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    Novell OES: A tale of two kernels


    Novell guides transition to OES


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    TapeWare ® - Secure Data Protection for Windows, NetWare, Linux, and UNIX Server and Workstation Environments | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    OverviewTapeWare by Yosemite Technologies offers a scalable data protection solution that is recognized by top manufacturers. TapeWare provides a reliable, affordable, and easy to implement solution for small office and enterprise-level applications alike. TapeWare supports mixed-platform data protection of any combination of Windows, NetWare, Linux and UNIX based systems, through an intuitive, easy-to-use interface. Essential features like remote administration, distributed backup processing, redundant tape drives and disaster recovery are seamlessly integrated. Storage management services for Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Clusters can be added without the worries of modular compatibility.

    This white paper describes the benefits of TapeWare in a variety of network environments. Discover for yourself, backup and recovery solutions that make data storage administration easy and flexible. Find out how TapeWare can secure mission-critical data effectively and efficiently with minimal effort.

    The Changing Nature of LANsTapeWare was developed in response to the rapidly changing requirements for securing and managing network data. Industry wide changes in implementing LAN topologies have made it necessary to rethink the basic fundamentals of data storage management and security.

    Storage management software has three basic functions:

  • To secure network data, protecting it from accidental or intentional destruction
  • To provide ongoing data storage and data security
  • To facilitate data restoration after catastrophic loss
  • Network installations are increasing in complexity and size making comprehensive backup strategies more difficult to implement and control. When planning a storage management program, there are three main areas to keep in mind:

    Data Set SizeData can now range from a few gigabytes to terabytes. A magnitude of data this size has more room for error, making a partially implemented software solution unacceptable.

    Data Transfer RatesLarge networks need to transfer data quickly. Software needs to work optimally with peripherals, limit unnecessary network traffic and implement schemes for fast continuous data transfer.

    Network ComplexityHeterogeneous networks are commonplace, requiring backup software that performs seamlessly across mixed platforms. The changing nature of LANs demands that your backup solution be equally scalable.

    Industry Response to Changing NetworksNetworks are growing more complex, forcing backup applications to also grow in complexity. As new network topologies and platforms are added, they are often dealt with by developing new applications or components. Many industry software leaders offer an array of bolt-on applications and components. The strategy currently employed by many storage management software companies is comparable to a ‘cafeteria' model of software purchasing. Users are required to pick from an array of separately developed products and options to construct a custom software package that may meet their needs. As their networks expand and change, they must the try to find additional components to integrate with their existing software.

    This approach introduces numerous disadvantages:

  • Successful implementation often requires specialized knowledge
  • Both the software and the personnel needed to administer it consume larger resources and operating budgets
  • As the number of components grows, the integration of these components degrades.
  • TapeWare Response to Changing NetworksTapeWare has responded to the diversity of network installations with a software model that breaks away from the ‘cafeteria' style of choosing separately developed products and components which may or may not work seamlessly together. Due to development of a common code base, TapeWare works efficiently on all heterogeneous networks, regardless of platform or complexity. TapeWare is a comprehensive, scalable, all-in-one solution that supports Desktop, Peer-to-Peer and Enterprise environments.

    Peer-to-Peer AdvantageThe key to the superior TapeWare performance in heterogeneous network installations is the ability of each and every machine installation of TapeWare to perform complete backup and restore functions necessary to protect the entire network. Other backup software disperses the capacity to perform backup tasks across the network and rely on different software components for various network workstations and file servers. TapeWare empowers each installation to perform all the functions required to backup any network machine.

    Each network installation of TapeWare has a peer-to-peer relationship with every other TapeWare installation, regardless of platform. All workstations and file servers are fully functional, although that functionality may never be implemented. This functionality is regardless of operating system or role in the network topology. Each installation has the ability to:

  • Control data transfer to and from a local backup device.
  • Control data transfer to and from remote network backup devices.
  • Control the transmission of data across the network.
  • Act as the Storage Management Server.
  • Serve as an administration console.
  • This peer-to-peer relationship between network machines makes installation flexible, adaptable and easier to perform, because there are no separate applications or bolt-on components to install.

    TapeWare FeaturesDistributed Devices - Backup devices can be placed on any network machine, with the proper licensing. The network platform, operating system and client/server status of the machine does not affect the placement of any backup device.

    Multiple Concurrent Devices - A single backup or restore job can transfer data to and from multiple backup devices concurrently across local buses and/or network connections. Single or multiple hosts can transmit data to multiple devices simultaneously.

    Distributed Database Management Server - Any supported network machine can function as the Storage Management Server, regardless of network platform, operating system or client/server status.

    Single Point of Administration - Run and monitor multiple jobs from a single workstation or server console or via a web browser.

    Multiple Stream Processing - Process an unlimited number of streams simultaneously, with a maximum of eight per backup device.

    Parallel Data Streams - Multiple data stream processing interleaves files at the block level (as opposed to the file level). This reduces network overhead for faster, more efficient data transfer.

    Expert Database Management - Uses a model built around files and file instances rather than a ‘session' model. This allows intuitive database management and better file selection.

    Advanced Reports and Diagnostics - The reporting features include the ability to list media needed for jobs, and reports that analyze the relative risk to the security of files and volumes.

    Consistent, Standard User Interface – The TapeWare explorer-like user interface is standard across all Windows platforms. A similar XWindow user interface exists for Linux and UNIX environments. TapeWare also employs a web browser based user interface and a character-based interface for Netware, Linux and UNIX systems.

    Powerful Scheduling and Rotation Manager - Schedule backup and restore jobs up to 20 years in advance with a drag-and-drop calendar. The integrated rotation manager automatically selects the proper media for each job.

    Seamless Integration with Peripherals - New devices are automatically recognized and initialized.

    TapeWare Storage ManagementLearning how to use TapeWare is easy because of the cross-platform continuity, intuitive features and common interface. There are three main components defining a TapeWare installation:

    Storage Management Database (SMD)The Storage Management Database provides consistent, unified, and intuitive control over the various database objects (files, directories, volumes, network machines, backup devices, backup media, users, etc.). Objects are managed using an Explorer-like user interface and can be assigned user permissions individually.

    Storage Management Server (SMS)Also known as the Master Server, TapeWare allows you to designate any server or workstation on the network as the Storage Management. The Storage Management Server houses the Storage Management Database. (It is recommended that the SMS be a different machine than the Media Server or application server so that the Storage Management Server is still operational if one of the other servers were to crash.)

    Storage Management Zone (SMZ)The Storage Management Zone determines the set of network machines and devices to be included in the backup plan. The Storage Management Zone can manage any number of servers and devices.

    Configuring TapeWareDeveloping a comprehensive backup plan for this network includes several key decisions:

  • How many backup devices should be purchased?
  • What should their capacity be?
  • Where should the backup devices be located?
  • Which network machine should be designated as the Storage Management Server?
  • The answers to these questions depend on a number of variables, such as: The amount of data and how often that data needs to be backed up, and the amount of network traffic.

    TapeWare is flexible enough to work with practically any developed backup plan. The network administrator can make decisions based on the amount of data, the bandwidth and speed of the network instead of any installation requirements of the software. The question of the number of backup devices and their location becomes a function of the optimal use of resources, not of the limitations of the storage management software. The following example shows some of the advantages of TapeWare. Imagine a small Ethernet network with two file servers (one NetWare server and one Windows NT server) and several workstations of various operating systems.

    Here are some of the key advantages of using TapeWare:

  • TapeWare can work with a single backup device placed on one server or with a separate backup device for each server.
  • A single CD-ROM and license activation keycodes are used to install TapeWare on every machine. No distinctions between client/server machines are necessary and there are no separate applications or components to install.
  • TapeWare jobs can be created and run from any machine on the network on which TapeWare is installed. In fact, various users can be creating and managing various jobs from different machines simultaneously.
  • Efficiency of data transmission may mean that multiple backup devices are preferred on local buses (for example, one on each server.) The amount of data to be transferred and the speed of the network may be such that a single backup device (perhaps a faster one, with greater storage) is the best choice. Whatever decision is made, TapeWare adapts to either strategy.
  • When new machines, either file servers or workstations, are added to the network, TapeWare need only be installed on that machine in order for that machine to be capable of being backed up or restored.
  • As new backup devices are added, TapeWare automatically recognizes these devices and creates database objects for them.
  • TapeWare in a peer-to-peer configuration is powerful and flexible, and will work with almost any arrangement of backup devices.
  • TapeWare Data RoutingOne of the most important features of TapeWare is how it automatically routes data as it reads volumes. Although you can specify precisely which backup device to use when running a job, TapeWare has built-in protocols that optimally route data in the most efficient manner.

    Typically, local buses transmit data faster than network connections. TapeWare will initially attempt to transmit data to the backup device on the same machine as the volume is being read. When backing up multiple file servers to multiple devices, TapeWare attempts to route the data from each machine to its own backup device first before sending the data across the network. If the local backup device is unavailable, TapeWare scans the network for available devices, guaranteeing that the job completes successfully.

    The Storage Management Database tracks and records what physical media stores a particular version of a file. When it comes time to restore a file, you choose the instance of the file to be restored and TapeWare automatically selects the proper media.

    Even though TapeWare routes data to the optimal device automatically, devices can be manually controlled. If you specify a network container, TapeWare will use whatever devices are available on the network, preferring local devices first. If you specify a machine container, only backup devices associated with that machine will be used. If you specify a certain device or controller, TapeWare will only use that device for that job. Additionally, you can specify multiple devices or machines in this field, allowing maximum flexibility and control.

    Disaster RecoveryThe ability to restore lost data after a disaster is an important function of storage management software. TapeWare allows file servers to have attached devices and yet are not required to act as their own Storage Management Servers. This flexibility can make a big difference in the ease of recovering data and rebuilding an operational system after loss.

    If the system acting as the Storage Management Server crashes, the Storage Management Database is also lost. The Storage Management Database is crucial to restoring the file server and must be restored before any machine data can be restored. The restore process can take even longer if the only backup device available is attached to the machine that has crashed.

    With the TapeWare model, it is not necessary that the Storage Management Database be stored on the same machine as the devices they work with. With TapeWare, a separate network machine can be designated to serve solely as the Storage Management Server. This machine would serve no other role than to hold the TapeWare database. (This is not a requirement, although it may be prudent.) This machine doesn't require a high performance SCSI controller or network card, since no backup data is routed through it. It can have a medium sized hard drive attached (e.g., 9 gigabyte) and a fast microprocessor, but otherwise it is a relatively inexpensive machine. Indeed its role as a ‘server' is only to house the Storage Management Database. When a file server crashes, the Storage Management Database would still be in tact and its information is now available to be used for restoring the data lost on the file server.

    How TapeWare Performs Disaster RecoveryWith TapeWare, the disastrous loss of data could occur in one of two locations: data can be lost either on one of the network file servers or on the dedicated Storage Management Server. Here is a look at both scenarios:

  • If one of the network file servers crashes, the Storage Management Server is still operational. The data can be quickly restored after the machine is repaired or can be temporarily restored to other network file servers until the repairs can be made.
  • If the dedicated Storage Management Server crashes, the network file servers are still operational and important network operations are not impeded. The TapeWare database can be restored in a variety of ways, depending on the severity of the problem.
  • Consider the worst-case scenario in which the dedicated Storage Management Server is seriously damaged and cannot be repaired quickly. In this case, the best strategy would simply be to designate another network machine as the new Storage Management Server. This can be accomplished by editing the TapeWare configuration on the designated machine, or by installing TapeWare on a new machine and creating a new Storage Management Database with the same name as the old database.

    Then, by using the Restore Database command to restore the lost database. After completing these steps, TapeWare will be completely operational again and you will be able to resume normal operations. TapeWare lets a remote network machine function as the Storage Management Server. By breaking the link between the physical device and the Storage Management Server, TapeWare is a powerful disaster recovery tool.

    Competitive ScenariosThe following scenarios compare how TapeWare would be implemented versus its competitors.

    Scenario 1Assume a local area network with five file servers: two NetWare servers and three Windows NT servers. (Note: For the purposes of this scenario, we will focus only on the file servers and ignore the workstations.) In this scenario, we will look at three different configurations:

  • Typical Competitor Configuration - Single Backup Device
  • Typical Competitor Configuration - Multiple Backup Devices
  • Typical TapeWare Configuration
  • Typical Competitor Configuration - Single Backup Device
  • One way to set up a network backup plan is with a single backup device, setting up one machine as the Storage Management Server. In this case, either a Windows NT server or NetWare server can be designated as the Storage Management Server or Backup Server.

    Competitor Disadvantages

  • Whatever machine is chosen to be the Backup Server must have the backup device attached to that machine as well.
  • The base software package to create the Backup Server must be purchased, along with an additional add-on module to support the other operating system.
  • The data from each file server must be transmitted across the network to the one machine with a backup device. This limits the speed at which data can be sent to the backup device. If all of the file servers were backed up in a single job, the limitations of the network to transmit data would create a huge bottleneck.
  • As data size on remote servers increases, storage capacity of the backup device must increase. It may not be possible to store all of the data on a single tape. Although autoloaders can be used, the limits of these devices will be quickly reached.
  • The time it takes to complete backup jobs could be very lengthy. These jobs need to be run when there is no other network traffic. Scheduling problems would be difficult if these servers were used after normal business hours. And, if a job fails to run when scheduled, it might not be possible for it to run until the next available time slot.
  • Expanding this network by adding additional servers would create more bottlenecks. The addition of new servers might require redesigning the network backup plan.
  • Typical Competitor Configuration - Multiple Backup DevicesAn alternative way to implement a network backup plan is with multiple backup devices, attaching a device to each file server. In this case, each Windows NT server and NetWare Server has a backup device attached to it, and thus each one is also designated as a Storage Management Server.

    Competitor Disadvantages

  • Since there are five different Backup Servers, a software license agreement must be purchased for each file server.
  • Administration is difficult. There are now five separate Backup Servers. Each one handles its own jobs and files, requiring five different job schedules. After the jobs are run, there are five different job logs that must be checked to ensure that each job has run correctly.
  • It is not possible to manage all five servers simultaneously. In order to manage each server, you have to log on to that server's storage management software separately and individually. This process is inefficient and increases the likelihood for human error and risk to the network data.
  • Adding backup devices does not provide redundancy or protection during device failure. Some software prohibits servers from transmitting data across the network to other servers and devices.
  • The software necessary to implement this configuration is expensive. A license is required for each file server.
  • This configuration does not lend itself to easy expansion. When new file servers are added, they must either be attached to existing Backup Servers or added as standalone Backup Servers with their own separate device.
  • There is no easy way to transfer backed up data from one file server to another. File servers do not recognize backup devices on other file servers. Similarly, physically moving the tape from one backup device to another backup device will not work. The new Backup Server does not recognize this media without first "importing" the media.
  • Typical TapeWare ConfigurationIn this configuration, each machine has its own backup device. One Windows NT server has been designated as the Storage Management Server. (Note: Any machine on the network, including any NetWare server, can be designated as the Storage Management Server.)

    TapeWare Advantages

  • With the Universal Product Edition of TapeWare installed on each machine, there is no need to buy add-on modules for the Linux or NetWare servers.
  • Administration is easy. There is a central point of administration for all file servers. It is possible to create a single job that backs up the data from each server. This means only one log to check and only one schedule to maintain. Of course, jobs that work with only a single server can also be set up. Administering these jobs is also easy since it can be done simultaneously for every machine.
  • These jobs can be administered from any machine on the network. Multiple users can be creating and running jobs from various network workstations simultaneously.
  • The rate of data transmission is maximized. Because each server has a backup device located on a local bus, TapeWare will by default route data from each server to its local backup device.
  • Each server can have a backup device with a capacity that is matched to that server's particular requirements.
  • Additional devices on the network function as a redundant, protective layer. When a local device fails, TapeWare will automatically reroute the data across the network to other available devices. This greatly increases the prospects that server data will be safely backed up and that jobs will be successfully completed.
  • Expansion of the network is simpler. Adding new file servers does not require the purchase of additional software. The same single point of administration can now work with this new file server. You can purchase a dedicated backup device for the new server as needed or, if appropriate, use the existing devices on the network.
  • TapeWare will automatically recognize any new machines or devices that appear on the network. It will also flag any devices or machines it was expecting to find but didn't, allowing the administrator to check at a glance that all of the machines and devices are on-line.
  • Installation and implementation is faster and easier. License activation keycodes are used to install software on each machine, using the same CD-ROM for Windows, NetWare, Linux and UNIX platforms. No separate applications are purchased. Additionally, jobs and reports can be run for multiple servers, cutting the time it takes to implement and manage a comprehensive backup program.
  • Optimized Interface with PeripheralsTapeWare employs a number of features to maximize the interface between network peripherals, such as volumes, machines, and backup devices. Combined, these innovations exploit all of the capacities of current network and small computer technology. There are several goals here: speed is a primary concern, but so is ease of use and installation. Some of the features used to meet these goals include:
  • Multiple Data Streams
  • Block Interleaving
  • Flexible Data Stream Format
  • Automatic Recognition of Network Peripherals
  • Multiple Data Streams
  • TapeWare is capable of handling an unlimited number of data streams simultaneously, with a maximum of eight streams per backup device. Each stream represents a logically connected set of data.

    For example, most volumes are treated as a single stream. This feature allows multiple drives to be simultaneously sending data to the backup device, resulting in faster backup. The number and assignment of data streams is flexible and can be controlled by the administrator. For example, TapeWare allows you to assign multiple data streams to a single volume. This is useful in the case of large RAID devices that are capable of generating and sustaining multiple data streams simultaneously. In this case, administrators can assign new data streams to various directories on the RAID device. Similarly, greater data transfer speed can be realized by assigning large files (i.e. five gigabytes or larger) their own data stream. On the other hand, sometimes logical volumes (as opposed to physical volumes) should not be assigned a separate data stream. In either case, the administrator can control whether or not a volume, directory, or file has a separate data stream.

    Block InterleavingWhen multiple streams are being processed at once, the most efficient way to write data to the tape is to interleave that data on the tape. In the same fashion as disk drives function, logically contiguous data need not be physically contiguous. The ability to interleave data is important because it means that data can be written to the tape as it becomes available. When there is data in the queue ready to be written, there is no need to wait for a file to be completely written to the tape (when that data has yet to be read from the volume) before writing the data that is currently available from other files to the tape.

    TapeWare employs a block interleaving strategy, as opposed to a file interleaving strategy. With file interleaving, files are written to the tape in physically contiguous sets of blocks. Files from different volumes may be interleaved, as that data becomes available, but each file is written in physically contiguous blocks.

    While a file interleaving strategy increases efficiency, the TapeWare block interleaving strategy is even more efficient. By interleaving blocks from different files, data can be written to the tape as it becomes available. For example, multiple data blocks from multiple files can be interleaved, meaning that the data can be written as it becomes available. Less time is wasted waiting for network transmissions and instructions to be completed, since data from other streams can be written while waiting for additional data blocks from a particular file to be transmitted.

    Second, the size of TapeWare data blocks is more efficient. Network backup software programs that interleave data blocks on tape use 32K blocks. There are three problems with using blocks of this size. First, quite often the size of the data to be written to the tape is smaller than 32K. This results in wasted space on the tape because part of the 32K block will be empty.

    Second, because part of the tape is empty, no data is being written to that part of the tape as it passes the write head—effectively meaning that the rate of data transmission for that time period is zero. Overall, the rate at which data is written to media is degraded.

    Third, a 32K block is many times larger than the size of a data packet being sent over the network, requiring multiple network transmissions before a block can be written.

    TapeWare, on the other hand, writes data in 32 byte blocks. These blocks are a more efficient use of the capacity of the tape, resulting in fewer ‘dead' spots on the tape and increasing the rate at which data is written to the tape. The exact amount of efficiency gained by the TapeWare strategy depends on particular network installations. In general, it results in more efficient use of the tape capacity and faster backups when there are numerous files smaller than 100K in size. While the exact performance enhancements vary, this is only one example of how TapeWare has been optimized to achieve maximum performance.

    Flexible Data Stream FormatTapeWare supports full backup and restore functionality for mixed environments running a combination of Windows 98, Me, NT 4, 2000, XP, Server 2003, NetWare 4.2, 5.1, 6.x, Linux and UNIX operating systems. These products, however, transmit data across the network in different formats. The default format that each platform uses to transmit data is called the native data stream format.

    TapeWare can write and read data in either the native data stream format or in a general, cross-platform format. Each format has its own advantages. For example, using native data streams results in faster backup jobs. The data need not be reformatted into a generic format, which reduces processor overhead.

    Many times this option is the most efficient and best way to write and store data. However, what if you want to transfer data from one platform to another, for example from a NetWare server to a Windows server? In this case, the TapeWare generic stream format can be utilized. When the files are backed up, TapeWare can translate them into a generic format. After they have been backed up, they can be restored to the new server.

    The necessary software to transfer files back and forth from various platforms and operating systems is incorporated into the TapeWare software installed on every machine. These are not separate applications or add-on packages, nor are they installed on some machines, but not on others. Each installation of TapeWare on every network machine is given full functionality in order to create true a peer-to-peer relationship.

    Automatic Recognition of Network PeripheralsAs long as TapeWare is installed on a network machine, every other network machine will recognize that machine and its peripherals. TapeWare checks to see which database the machine belongs to and only those machines which are being managed by the same Storage Management Server, are recognized by each other.

    This process is automatic. For example, to add a new machine to the database managed by a Storage Management Server, you need only install TapeWare on that machine and indicate that you want it to be the member of the pre-existing database. When TapeWare is later run, the Storage Management Server recognizes that a new machine running TapeWare is on the network and creates a database object for that machine.

    The recognition of peripherals is similar. TapeWare automatically scans for attached peripherals such as volumes and backup devices. If it finds these new objects attached to the machine, it creates new database objects for these peripherals. TapeWare does not use, nor does it require any special proprietary drivers or controllers in order to work with backup devices. Users need only install the backup device on the workstation or file server using the manufacturers required installation procedures. If the machine recognizes the backup device, it is virtually certain that TapeWare will recognize that peripheral as well.

    Optimized Management ToolsThis section concentrates on three of the most important features of the TapeWare user interface:

  • Reliable and Flexible Scheduling
  • Reports and Diagnostics
  • Familiar Consistent User Interface
  • Reliable and Flexible SchedulingIn order for data to be secured, regular backup jobs must run, using a proven rotation schedule. TapeWare provides a number of built-in schedules that insure the ability to reconstruct data after a disaster. The schedules vary according to the number of tapes they use, the length of the data recovery period, and access to historical data. Each schedule provides assurance that sensitive data has been securely backed up.

    Even though a regular backup routine is necessary, there must be flexibility to change the routine without compromising integrity. TapeWare accomplishes this by utilizing both a built-in rotation manager to handles routine jobs and a Schedule feature that gives the user unprecedented control over customizing how and when jobs are run.

    After a job is assigned one of the built-in rotation schedules, the TapeWare rotation manager automatically schedules the necessary backup jobs. Jobs are automatically run at the date and time scheduled. The rotation manager controls whether the jobs are full, incremental, or differential, and identifies the proper media to be used with the job. New files, directories, and volumes are automatically selected on machines that are specified for backup. Working seamlessly with autoloaders, it manages the rotation of media to ensure that only the correct (e.g., oldest) media is overwritten.

    Built-in schedules can be easily modified and customized when needed. Changing when jobs are run or what type of job is run is as easy as drag-and-drop or bringing up a shortcut menu. This allows the user to customize the schedule to account for holidays and other unusual circumstances, such as special business cycles, while not damaging the basic integrity of the automatic rotation schedule.

    Reports and DiagnosticsTapeWare includes a number of useful reports that make it easier to manage a complex network installation. For example, users can generate an "Objects at Risk" report. This report analyzes the level of risk for each file in the database by determining if sufficient backups have been made for these files.

    This information can be invaluable when working with sensitive, vital data. Another report prints the contents and history of media. Job logs for audit and tracking purposes are also available.

    There are a whole series of built-in diagnostic tests that can be used to test the interaction between network peripherals. For example, you can test the communication between machines or the speed at which network data is being sent. Other diagnostic tests assess whether autoloaders are working correctly and if media is in usable condition. These diagnostic tests help the TapeWare administrator rule out possible causes of problems that have developed. This makes it easier to pinpoint with accuracy the location and source of any equipment malfunction or breakdown.

    Common User InterfaceTapeWare provides a consistent, well-designed user interface across all supported platforms. The graphical user interface is based on Windows Explorer.

    The user interface is built around an object/properties model, arranged in a hierarchy. Database objects are contained in container objects, which are arranged in a hierarchical order. Each object, including container objects, has a property sheet that is used to control its properties and functionality. Manipulating the properties of database objects is easy and consistent for all objects.

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